Arizona Dept Agriculture Company History Timeline

Spurred in part by the annexation of Texas into the United States in 1845, the war concludes with the United States agreeing to pay 15 million for more than a half-million square miles of Mexican territory, including most of present-day Arizona.
1848 - The United States acquires much of Arizona in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
In 1850, Arizona and New Mexico formed the New Mexico Territory.
One result was that large herds of wild cattle roamed southeastern Arizona, By 1850, the herds were gone, killed by Apaches, American sportsmen, contract hunting for the towns of Fronteras and Santa Cruz, and roundups to sell to hungry Mexican War soldiers. and forty-niners en route to California.
Starting in 1853, the entirety of present-day Arizona was part of the New Mexico Territory.
In 1853, President Franklin Pierce sent James Gadsden to Mexico City to negotiate with Santa Anna, and the United States bought the remaining southern strip area of Arizona and New Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase.
By means of the Gadsden Purchase, the United States secured the northern part of the state of Sonora, which is now Arizona south of the Gila River in 1854.
20, 1856, marked the date that the last Mexican troops withdrew from Tucson, and tradition has it that a tiny group of pioneers including William Kirkland then raised the American flag over the Old Pueblo for the first time.
In 1863, Arizona was split off from the Territory of New Mexico to form the Arizona Territory.
The fort was abandoned at the start of the Civil War but was reoccupied in 1863 by Colonel Kit Carson and the 1st New Mexico Infantry.
1863 - The Arizona Territory is established.
The first government officials to arrive established the territory capital in Prescott in 1864.
In 1868 the Navajo signed another treaty and were allowed to go back to part of their former territory.
Fort Apache was built on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation by soldiers from the 1st Cavalry and 21st Infantry in 1870.
The Territory experienced a cattle boom in 1873 91, as the herds were expanded from 40,000 to 1.5 million head.
Fort Huachuca, east of Tucson, was founded in 1877 as the base for operations against Apaches and raiders from Mexico.
Only one small battle took place, in September 1881, with three soldiers wounded.
1881 - The gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place in Tombstone.
On February 23rd 1883 United Verde Copper Company was incorporated under New York law.
In 1885 Lewis Williams opened a copper smelter in Bisbee and the copper boom began, as the nation turned to copper wires for electricity.
However, in June 1891, the army had to bring in troops to stop Oraibi from preventing a school from being built on their mesa.
Residents of the Valley, led by Dwight Heard and a few other prominent citizens, unite to form the association in 1903.
Present constitution adopted 1911.
Arizona achieved statehood on February 14, 1912, the last of the 48 conterminous United States to be admitted to the union.
From 1913-33 the fort was the base for the Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Cavalry Regiment.
When the United States joins the Allies in 1917, Phoenix native Frank Luke Jr. enlists, later becoming the first airman to win the nation's Medal of Honor.
Federal money started arriving with the Federal Emergency Relief Committee in 1930.
Dramatic growth came after 1945, as retirees who appreciated the warm weather and low costs emigrated from the northeast.
In 1954, two developers bought 320 acres 1.3 km2 of farmland near Phoenix and opened the nation's first planned community dedicated exclusively to retirees at Youngtown.
Reelection followed every six years as he advanced toward the chairmanship of the powerful Appropriations Committee, which he reached in 1955.
By 1959, Hughes Aircraft had built advanced missiles with 5,000 workers in Tucson.
In 1960, developer Del Webb, inspired by the amenities in Florida's trailer parks, added facilities for active adults in his new Sun City planned community near Phoenix.
In 1962 Ross Cortese opened the first of his gated Leisure Worlds.
Conservative Republican Margaret Hance in 1975 becomes the first female mayor of Phoenix, the largest American city with a woman in charge.
The Groundwater Management Act of 1980, sponsored by Governor Bruce Babbitt, raised the price of water to farmers, while cities had to reach a safe yield so that the groundwater usage did not exceed natural replenishment.
Sandra Day O'Connor, who grew up on a southern Arizona ranch, in 1981 becomes the first woman appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
The nation's largest nuclear-power producer, the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station, starts producing electricity in 1985.
Other developers copied the popular model, and by 2000 18 of the retirees in the state lived in such lifestyle communities.
The Rodeo-Chediski Fire began on June 18, 2002, and was not controlled until July 7.
Kimber Lanning founded Local First Arizona in 2003 for two reasons First, she saw too many bright young people leaving Arizona for more vibrant cities like Austin and Portland.
Kimber emerged as the Executive Director of Local First Arizona in late 2005, when Local First Arizona also achieved its nonprofit status.
Kimber sold one of her businesses in 2007 to dive into the organization 110 .
In 2008, Arizona senator John McCain won the Republican nomination for United States President, ultimately losing to the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden.
In 2009, Kimber secured nonprofit status for Local First Arizona's sister organization, the Local First Arizona Foundation.
Local First Arizona launches the Shift Arizona campaign in 2010.
Kimber was ahead of her time, as in 2012, the Knight Foundation issued a massive study called Soul of the Community, which identified attachment to place as the single most leading indicator in places that have prosperity.
Largest county by population and area Maricopa, 4,009,412 2013 Coconino, 18,618 sq mi.
In June 2017, a heat wave grounded more than 40 airline flights of small aircraft, with American Airlines reducing sales on certain flights to prevent the vehicles from being over the maximum weight permitted for safe takeoff.
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Phoenix, AZ
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