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Statisticians use statistical methods to collect and analyze data and to help solve real-world problems in business, engineering, healthcare, or other fields.Duties
Statisticians typically do the following:
Statisticians design surveys, questionnaires, experiments, and opinion polls to collect the data they need. Surveys may be mailed, conducted over the phone, collected online, or gathered through some other means.
Some surveys, such as the U.S. census, include data from nearly everyone. For most surveys and opinion polls, however, statisticians use sampling to collect data from some people in a particular group. Statisticians determine the type and size of the sample to be surveyed or polled.
Statisticians use specialized statistical software to analyze data. In their analyses, statisticians identify trends and relationships within the data. They also conduct tests to find out the data’s validity and to account for high survey nonresponse rates or sampling error. Some statisticians may help create new software to analyze data more accurately and efficiently.
Statisticians present the findings from their analyses and discuss the data’s limitations to prevent inaccurate conclusions from being drawn. They may present written reports, tables, charts, and graphs to other team members and to clients. Statisticians also recommend how to improve the design of future surveys or experiments.
Statisticians work in many fields, such as education, marketing, psychology, sports, or any other field that requires the collection and analysis of data. In particular, government, healthcare, and research and development companies employ many statisticians.
Government. Statisticians working in government develop and analyze surveys that collect a variety of data, including unemployment rates, wages, and other estimates pertaining to jobs and workers. Other statisticians help to figure out the average level of pesticides in drinking water, the number of endangered species living in a particular area, or the number of people who have a certain disease.
Some statisticians employed by the federal government are known as mathematical statisticians.
Healthcare. Statisticians known as biostatisticians or biometricians work in pharmaceutical companies, public health agencies, or hospitals. They may design studies to test whether drugs successfully treat diseases or medical conditions. They may also help identify the sources of outbreaks of illnesses in humans and animals.
Research and development. Statisticians design experiments for product testing and development. For instance, they may help design experiments to see how car engines perform when exposed to extreme weather conditions. Statisticians may also help develop marketing strategies and prices for consumer goods.
Statisticians often collaborate with other occupations in the design and conduct of the research.
Some people with a degree in statistics or who collect and analyze statistical data may not be formally known as statisticians. Instead, they may work in related fields and professions. In some industries, for example, they may be known as quantitative analysts, market research analysts, data analysts, or data scientists.
Statisticians typically need at least a master’s degree in statistics, mathematics, or another quantitative field. However, a bachelor’s degree is sufficient for some entry-level jobs. Research and academic jobs generally require a Ph.D.Education
Statisticians typically need at least a master’s degree, although some entry-level jobs are available for those with a bachelor’s degree. Most statisticians have degrees in mathematics, economics, computer science, or another quantitative field. A bachelor’s degree in statistics typically includes courses in linear algebra, calculus, experimental design, survey methodology, probability, and statistical theory.
Many colleges and universities advise students to take courses in a related field, such as computer science, engineering, physics, or mathematics. These courses can help prepare students to work in a variety of industries. Coursework in engineering or physical science, for example, may be useful for statisticians working in manufacturing on quality or productivity improvement. A background in biology, chemistry, or health sciences is useful for work testing pharmaceutical or agricultural products.
Because statisticians often work with data analysis software, computer programming courses may be particularly beneficial for students.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Statisticians use statistical techniques and models to analyze large amounts of data. They must determine the appropriate software packages and understand computer programming languages to design and develop new techniques and models. They must also be precise and accurate in their analyses.
Communication skills. Statisticians often work with, and propose solutions to, people who do not have extensive knowledge of mathematics or statistics. They must be able to present statistical information and ideas so that others will understand.
Math skills. Statisticians use statistics, calculus, and linear algebra to develop their models and analyses.
Problem-solving skills. Statisticians must develop techniques to overcome problems in data collection and analysis, such as high nonresponse rates, so that they can draw meaningful conclusions.
Hispanic or Latino8.2%
Black or African American1.1%
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George Washington University7.2%
Michigan State University6.6%
Florida State University6.6%
Iowa State University6.3%
Arizona State University5.9%
University of Tennessee - Knoxville5.0%
West Virginia University5.0%
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill5.0%
Brigham Young University4.7%
University of California - Los Angeles4.7%
Pennsylvania State University4.7%
University of Maryland - College Park4.7%
University of Missouri - Columbia4.4%
University of Nebraska - Lincoln4.1%
North Carolina State University4.1%
University of Southern California4.1%
University of Florida4.1%
University of Georgia4.1%
University of Pittsburgh -4.1%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Statistician||AEM-USA Foundation||Dallas, TX||May 09, 2016||$216,000|
|Statistician (Principal Data Scientist)||EMC Corporation||Palo Alto, CA||Aug 06, 2015||$160,000 -
|Statistician||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Aug 03, 2015||$155,770|
|Statistician II||The University of Southern California||Los Angeles, CA||Apr 01, 2015||$154,300|
|Statistician II||University of Southern California||Los Angeles, CA||Jul 15, 2016||$154,300|
|Statistician||Aerotek Scientific, LLC||Foster City, CA||Aug 31, 2016||$146,090|
|Statistician||Google Inc.||New York, NY||Jul 12, 2016||$137,000|
|Statistician 18||Kelly Services, Inc.||Bethesda, MD||Jun 30, 2015||$136,469|
|Statistician||Google Inc.||Kirkland, WA||Oct 05, 2016||$135,000|
|Statistician||Wells Fargo Securities, LLC.||Charlotte, NC||Sep 11, 2015||$135,000|
|Statistician||Google, Inc.||New York, NY||Jul 29, 2015||$130,000|
|Research Statistician||Abbvie Inc.||North Chicago, IL||Jul 10, 2016||$128,863|
|Statistician||Expedia, Inc.||Bellevue, WA||Apr 27, 2016||$88,515 -
|Statistician||Affinion Group, Inc.||Stamford, CT||Sep 19, 2016||$88,421|
|Statistician||E2E Services Inc.||Irvine, CA||Oct 01, 2015||$88,200|
|Statistician||Dow Agrosciences, LLC||Indianapolis, IN||Aug 26, 2015||$88,157 -
|Statistician||MSX Americas Inc.||Dearborn, MI||Sep 01, 2015||$87,675 -
|Statistician II||Noridian Mutual Insurance Company||Fargo, ND||Apr 11, 2016||$71,753|
|Statistician II||Rush University Medical Center||Chicago, IL||Jul 01, 2015||$71,739|
|Research Statistician||National Institute of Statistical Sciences||Washington, DC||Dec 09, 2016||$71,490|
|Statistician||Integrity Management Services, Inc.||Alexandria, VA||Oct 09, 2016||$71,490|
|Statistician||Capital One Services, LLC||McLean, VA||Apr 30, 2015||$71,000 -
|Statistician||Capital One Services, LLC||McLean, VA||Aug 23, 2015||$71,000 -
|Statistician||Capital One Services, LLC||Plano, TX||May 04, 2015||$71,000 -
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