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Become A Structural Ironworker

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Working As A Structural Ironworker

  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Getting Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Stressful

  • $76,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Structural Ironworker Do

Ironworkers install structural and reinforcing iron and steel to form and support buildings, bridges, and roads.

Duties

Ironworkers typically do the following:

  • Read and follow blueprints, sketches, and other instructions
  • Unload and stack prefabricated iron and steel so that it can be lifted with slings
  • Signal crane operators who lift and position structural and reinforcing iron and steel
  • Use shears, rod-bending machines, and welding equipment to cut, bend, and weld the structural and reinforcing iron and steel
  • Align structural and reinforcing iron and steel vertically and horizontally, using tag lines, plumb bobs, lasers, and levels
  • Connect iron and steel with bolts, wire, or welds

Structural and reinforcing iron and steel are important components of buildings, bridges, roads, and other structures. Even though the primary metal involved in this work is steel, workers often are known as ironworkers or erectors. Although most of the work involves erecting new structures, some ironworkers may also help in the demolition, decommissioning, and rehabilitation of older buildings and bridges.

When building tall structures such as skyscrapers, structural iron and steel workers erect steel frames and assemble the cranes and derricks that move materials and equipment around the construction site. Workers connect precut steel columns, beams, and girders, using equipment such as spud wrenches and driftpins. A few ironworkers install precast walls or work with wood or composite materials.

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers use one of three different materials to support concrete:

  • Reinforcing steel (rebar) is used to strengthen the concrete that forms highways, buildings, bridges, and other structures. These workers are sometimes called rod busters, in reference to rods of rebar.
  • Cables are used to reinforce concrete by pre- or post-tensioning. These techniques allow designers to create larger open areas in a building because supports can be placed farther apart. As a result, pre- and post-tensioning are commonly used to construct arenas, concrete bridges, and parking garages.
  • Welded wire reinforcing (WWR) is also used to strengthen concrete. This reinforcing is made up of narrow-diameter rods or wire welded into a grid.

Some ironworkers are assemblers and fabricators. They fabricate metal in shops, which are usually located away from the construction site.

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How To Become A Structural Ironworker

Although most ironworkers learn through an apprenticeship, some learn on the job. Certifications in welding, rigging, and signaling can be helpful for new entrants.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is generally required. Courses in math, as well as training in vocational subjects such as blueprint reading and welding, can be particularly useful.

Training

Most ironworkers learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship. For each year of the program, apprentices must have at least 144 hours of related technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. Nearly all apprenticeship programs teach both reinforcing and structural ironworking. On the job, apprentices learn to use the tools and equipment of the trade; handle, measure, cut, and lay rebar; and construct metal frameworks. In technical training, they are taught mathematics, blueprint reading and sketching, general construction techniques, safety practices, and first aid.

A few groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications required for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • Physical ability to perform the work
  • Pass substance abuse screening

After completing an apprenticeship program, they are considered to be journeymen who perform tasks without direct supervision.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Certifications in welding, rigging, and crane signaling may increase a worker’s usefulness on the jobsite and result in higher pay. Many ironworkers become welders certified by the American Welding Society. Several organizations offer rigging certifications, including the International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers, and the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO).

Important Qualities

Balance. Ironworkers often walk on narrow beams, so a good sense of balance is important to keep them from falling while doing their job.

Depth perception. Ironworkers must be able to judge the distance between objects and themselves in order to work safely. Ironworkers often signal crane operators who move beams and bundles of rebar.

Hand-eye coordination. Ironworkers must be able to tie rebar together quickly and precisely. An experienced worker can tie rebar together in seconds and move on to the next spot; a beginner may take much longer.

Physical stamina. Ironworkers must have physical endurance because they spend many hours performing physically demanding tasks, such as moving rebar, each day.

Physical strength. Ironworkers must be strong enough to guide heavy beams into place and tighten bolts.

Unafraid of heights. Ironworkers must not be afraid to work at great heights. For example, as they erect skyscrapers, workers must walk on narrow beams—sometimes over 50 stories high—while connecting girders.

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Top Skills for A Structural Ironworker

  1. I-Beams
  2. Ironworkers
  3. Personal Safety Equipment
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Oversee and direct a composite crew of carpenters, ironworkers, and rod busters in the construction of module assembly building.
  • Force structural-steel members into final positions, using turnbuckles, crowbars, jacks, and hand tools.
  • Lead a team of fitters and welders to install pipe supports.
  • Fabricated metal parts such as steel frames, columns, beams and girders, according to blueprints and instructions from supervisors.
  • Passed an AWS D1.1 Unlimited SMAW Ran mostly 5/32 7018 This was all field work.

Structural Ironworker Demographics

Gender

Male

87.7%

Unknown

10.3%

Female

2.1%
Ethnicity

White

59.3%

Hispanic or Latino

17.3%

Black or African American

13.2%

Asian

6.1%

Unknown

4.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

100.0%

Structural Ironworker Education

Schools

Northern Arizona University

8.0%

Pima Community College

8.0%

Everest College - Phoenix

8.0%

Mississippi State University

8.0%

Arizona Automotive Institute

8.0%

Chicago Public Schools

4.0%

Colorado Technical University

4.0%

University of South Dakota

4.0%

Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana

4.0%

Coastline Community College

4.0%

University of Alabama

4.0%

College of the Desert

4.0%

Del Mar College

4.0%

Alabama Southern Community College

4.0%

Long Beach City College

4.0%

Lurleen B Wallace Community College

4.0%

State University of New York Westchester Community College

4.0%

American University

4.0%

University of Phoenix

4.0%

Kilgore College

4.0%
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Majors

Precision Metal Working

19.6%

Business

10.9%

General Studies

10.9%

Industrial Technology

8.7%

Psychology

6.5%

Legal Research And Advanced Professional Studies

4.3%

Electrical Engineering Technology

4.3%

Chemical Engineering

4.3%

Civil Engineering

4.3%

Construction Management

4.3%

Ethnic, Gender And Minority Studies

2.2%

Management

2.2%

International Business

2.2%

Occupational Safety And Health

2.2%

Engineering Technology

2.2%

Drafting And Design

2.2%

Forestry

2.2%

Social Sciences

2.2%

Biology

2.2%

Fine Arts

2.2%
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Degrees

Other

52.5%

Associate

18.6%

Bachelors

15.3%

Certificate

10.2%

Masters

1.7%

Diploma

1.7%
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