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Industrial engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value experience, so cooperative education engineering programs at universities are also valuable.Education
Industrial engineers need a bachelor’s degree, typically in industrial engineering. However, many industrial engineers have degrees in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, manufacturing engineering, industrial engineering technology, or general engineering. Students interested in studying industrial engineering should take high school courses in mathematics, such as algebra, trigonometry, and calculus; computer science; and sciences such as chemistry and physics.
Bachelor’s degree programs include lectures in classrooms and practice in laboratories. Courses include statistics, production systems planning, and manufacturing systems design, among others. Many colleges and universities offer cooperative education programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education.
A few colleges and universities offer 5-year degree programs in industrial engineering that lead to a bachelor’s and master’s degree upon completion, and several more offer similar programs in mechanical engineering. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as a professor at a college or university or to engage in research and development. Some 5-year or even 6-year cooperative education plans combine classroom study with practical work, permitting students to gain experience and to finance part of their education.
Programs in industrial engineering are accredited by ABET.Important Qualities
Creativity. Industrial engineers use creativity and ingenuity to design new production processes in many kinds of settings in order to reduce the use of material resources, time, or labor while accomplishing the same goal.
Critical-thinking skills. Industrial engineers create new systems to solve problems related to waste and inefficiency. Solving these problems requires logic and reasoning to identify strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to the problems.
Listening skills. These engineers often operate in teams, but they also must solicit feedback from customers, vendors, and production staff. They must listen to customers and clients in order to fully grasp ideas and problems the first time.
Math skills. Industrial engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Problem-solving skills. In designing facilities for manufacturing and processes for providing services, these engineers deal with several issues at once, from workers’ safety to quality assurance.
Speaking skills. Industrial engineers sometimes have to explain their instructions to production staff or technicians before they can make written instructions available. Being able to explain concepts clearly and quickly is crucial to preventing costly mistakes and loss of time.
Writing skills. Industrial engineers must prepare documentation for other engineers or scientists, or for future reference. The documentation must be coherent and explain their thinking clearly so that the others can understand the information.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as an industrial engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education in order to keep their licenses. Most states recognize licenses from other states, as long as the other state’s licensing requirements meet or exceed their own licensing requirements.Advancement
Beginning industrial engineers usually work under the supervision of experienced engineers. In large companies, new engineers also may receive formal training in classes or seminars. As beginning engineers gain knowledge and experience, they move on to more difficult projects with greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions.
Eventually, industrial engineers may advance to become technical specialists, such as quality engineers or facility planners. In that role, they supervise a team of engineers and technicians. Obtaining a master’s degree facilitates such specialization and thus advancement.
Many industrial engineers move into management positions because the work they do is closely related to the work of managers. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Senior Manager, Sustaining Engineering||MAPR Technologies, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Apr 04, 2016||$168,000|
|Manager, Sustaining Engineering||MAPR Technologies, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Oct 29, 2013||$150,000 -
|Sustaining Engineer Staff||Juniper Networks||Sunnyvale, CA||Jan 02, 2016||$148,803|
|Sustaining Engineer Staff||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Feb 02, 2016||$131,000 -
|Senior Sustaining Engineer||Mobile Iron, Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Aug 18, 2016||$130,000|
|Sustaining Engineer||Datagravity, Inc.||Nashua, NH||Mar 25, 2015||$127,000|
|Software Manager, Sustaining Engineering||Minerva Networks, Inc.||CA||Oct 07, 2016||$125,000|
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks||Sunnyvale, CA||Jul 06, 2015||$124,750|
|Sustaining Engineer||Five9, Inc.||San Ramon, CA||Dec 01, 2016||$122,880 -
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Sep 03, 2015||$121,867 -
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Jun 20, 2016||$119,350 -
|Advanced Sustaining Engineer (Design and Development)||Zebra Technologies Corporation||Crystal Lake, IL||Dec 05, 2016||$118,498 -
|Advanced Sustaining Engineer (Design and Development)||Zebra Technologies Corporation||Crystal Lake, IL||Jun 05, 2016||$118,498 -
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Dec 09, 2016||$102,107 -
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Oct 31, 2016||$102,107 -
|SR. Sustaining Engineer||Strongview Systems, Inc.||Redwood City, CA||Aug 19, 2013||$102,000|
|Sustaining Engineer||Moxie Software CIM Corp.||Bellevue, WA||Feb 13, 2016||$101,088 -
|Mocvd Process Sustaining Engineer||Transphorm, Inc.||Goleta, CA||Feb 18, 2013||$100,000|
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Nov 21, 2014||$98,488 -
|Sustaining Engineer||Juniper Networks, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Sep 29, 2014||$98,488 -
|Principal Sustaining Engineer||Gyrus ACMI, Inc.||Bartlett, TN||Jul 28, 2016||$88,400 -
|Product Sustaining Engineer||TYCO Electronics Corporation, A Te Connectivity Ltd. Company||Tullahoma, TN||Mar 10, 2016||$88,000|
|Senior Sustaining Engineer||Cooper Lighting LLC||Aurora, CO||Jan 08, 2016||$87,630|
|Senior Sustainable Engineering Professional||Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP||San Francisco, CA||Sep 01, 2015||$86,408|
|Production Sustaining Engineer||Enablence USA Components Inc.||Fremont, CA||Jul 29, 2015||$86,008|
|Solutions Engineering Sustaining Engineer||National Instruments Corporation||Austin, TX||Jan 10, 2016||$85,000|
|Sustaining Engineer||Five9, Inc.||San Ramon, CA||Sep 07, 2013||$85,000|
|Wireless Sustaining Engineer||Boingo Wireless, Inc.||McKinney, TX||May 13, 2016||$85,000 -
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