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Veterinary technologists and technicians perform medical tests under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian to assist in diagnosing the injuries and illnesses of animals.Duties
Veterinary technologists and technicians typically do the following:
Veterinarians rely on technologists and technicians to conduct a variety of clinical and laboratory procedures, including postoperative care, dental care, and specialized nursing care.
Veterinary technologists and technicians who work in research-related jobs do similar work. For example, they are responsible for making sure that animals are handled carefully and treated humanely. They also help veterinarians or scientists on research projects in areas such as biomedical research, disaster preparedness, and food safety.
Veterinary technologists and technicians most often work with small-animal practitioners who care for cats and dogs, but they may also perform a variety of tasks involving mice, rats, sheep, pigs, cattle, birds, or other animals.
Veterinary technologists and technicians can specialize in a particular discipline. Specialties include dentistry, anesthesia, emergency and critical care, and zoological medicine.
Veterinary technologists usually have a 4-year bachelor’s degree in veterinary technology. Although some technologists work in private clinical practices, many work in more advanced research-related jobs, usually under the guidance of a scientist or veterinarian. Working primarily in a laboratory setting, they may administer medications; prepare tissue samples for examination; or record information on an animal’s genealogy, weight, diet, and signs of pain.
Veterinary technicians usually have a 2-year associate’s degree in a veterinary technology program. They generally work in private clinical practices under the guidance of a licensed veterinarian. Technicians may perform laboratory tests, such as a urinalysis, and help veterinarians conduct a variety of other diagnostic tests. Although some of their work is done in a laboratory setting, many technicians also talk with animal owners. For example, they explain a pet’s condition or how to administer medication prescribed by a veterinarian.
There are primarily two levels of education for entry into this occupation: a 4-year program for veterinary technologists and a 2-year program for veterinary technicians. Typically, both technologists and technicians must pass a credentialing exam and must become registered, licensed, or certified, depending on the state in which they work.Education
Veterinary technologists and technicians must complete a postsecondary program in veterinary technology. In 2015, there were 231 veterinary technology programs accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). Most of these programs offer a 2-year associate’s degree for veterinary technicians. Twenty-three colleges offer a 4-year bachelor’s degree in veterinary technology. Nine schools offer coursework through distance learning.
People interested in becoming a veterinary technologist or technician should take high school classes in biology and other sciences, as well as math.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Although each state regulates veterinary technologists and technicians differently, most candidates must pass a credentialing exam. Most states require technologists and technicians to pass the Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE), offered by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards.
For technologists seeking work in a research facility, the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) offers the following certifications for technicians and technologists: Laboratory Animal Technician (LAT) and Laboratory Animal Technologist (LATG).
Although certification is not mandatory, workers at each level can show competency in animal husbandry, health and welfare, and facility administration and management to prospective employers. To become certified, candidates must have work experience in a laboratory animal facility and pass the AALAS examination.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Veterinary technologists and technicians spend a substantial amount of their time communicating with supervisors, animal owners, and other staff. In addition, a growing number of technicians counsel pet owners on animal behavior and nutrition.
Compassion. Veterinary technologists and technicians must treat animals with kindness and must be sensitive when dealing with the owners of sick pets.
Detail oriented. Veterinary technologists and technicians must pay attention to detail. They must be precise when recording information, performing diagnostic tests, and administering medication.
Manual dexterity. Veterinary technologists and technicians must handle animals, medical instruments, and laboratory equipment with care. They do intricate tasks, such as dental work, giving anesthesia, and taking x rays, which require a steady hand.
Problem-solving skills. Veterinary technologists and technicians need strong problem-solving skills in order to identify injuries and illnesses and offer the appropriate treatment.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Technician
Top Careers After Technician
Hispanic or Latino12.1%
Black or African American0.6%
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University of Phoenix22.9%
Universal Technical Institute14.5%
Community College of the Air Force6.3%
Northern Virginia Community College3.5%
Pennsylvania State University3.2%
Texas A&M University3.2%
Texas Tech University3.1%
Houston Community College3.0%
Grand Canyon University2.9%
Ferris State University2.9%
University of Houston2.8%
Southern New Hampshire University2.8%
Arizona State University2.8%
Michigan State University2.8%
Delgado Community College2.7%
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|Tech Yahoo, Paranoid||Yahoo! Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Oct 26, 2016||$170,000 -
|Presls Tech Cons||Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company||Sunnyvale, CA||Mar 03, 2016||$155,250 -
|Tech||On Deck Capital, Inc.||New York, NY||Jun 04, 2016||$155,000|
|Tech Yahoo, Paranoid||Yahoo! Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Jul 06, 2016||$135,133 -
|Tech||MacYs.Com, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||May 04, 2015||$134,638 -
|Tech||MacYs.Com, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Apr 06, 2015||$134,472 -
|Spclstmstr, Tech, Infomgmt, Prfrmncemgmttech(Pmt)||Deloitte Consulting LLP||New York, NY||Apr 21, 2015||$130,000 -
|Manager of Esports Tech NA||Riot Games Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Nov 02, 2016||$125,000|
|Technologist/Conventional Tech||Monsanto Company||Luling, LA||Sep 11, 2015||$119,704 -
|Tech Yahoo, Paranoid, Intermediate||Yahoo! Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Nov 05, 2016||$110,000 -
|Lean Technician||Armstrong World Industries, Inc.||Aberdeen, MD||May 05, 2016||$109,179|
|Tech Yahoo, Paranoid||Yahoo! Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Sep 23, 2016||$108,000 -
|Srcnsltnt, Tech, Infomgmt, Bi-Dw||Deloitte Consulting LLP||New York, NY||Aug 04, 2015||$100,000 -
|Tech Yahoo, Paranoid, Interm||Yahoo! Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Aug 28, 2016||$93,579 -
|Technician||Research Foundation of Cuny||New York, NY||Oct 22, 2016||$53,000|
|PLC Technician||Mobis Alabama, LLC||Montgomery, AL||Apr 08, 2016||$52,291|
|Baader Technician||Trident Seafoods Corporation||Akutan, AK||Feb 02, 2016||$51,132|
|Baader Technician||Trident Seafoods Corporation||AK||Jan 03, 2015||$51,132|
|Baader Technician||Trident Seafoods Corporation||Sand Point, AK||Jul 15, 2015||$46,436|
|Baader Technician||Trident Seafoods Corporation||Akutan, AK||May 25, 2015||$46,436|
|Baader Technician||Trident Seafoods Corporation||Akutan, AK||May 31, 2016||$46,436|
|Surimi/ROE Technician||Arctic Storm, Inc.||AK||May 24, 2016||$45,914|
|Technician B||Columbia University||New York, NY||Feb 01, 2015||$38,998|
|Diving Saturation Technician||Benmar Fabrication LLC||Green Bay, WI||Aug 17, 2015||$38,750|
|Hplc Technician||Twentyfirst Century Biochemicals Incorporated||Marlborough, MA||Jan 09, 2016||$38,200|
|Granite and Marble Technician||Atlantic Stone Works Inc.||Kenilworth, NJ||Jun 14, 2016||$37,690|
|Genius Technician||Apple, Inc.||Austin, TX||Aug 01, 2015||$37,566 -
|Salmon ROE Technician||Ocean Beauty Seafoods, LLC||AK||May 01, 2015||$37,483|
|Herring ROE Technician||North Pacific Seafoods, Inc.||AK||Mar 01, 2015||$37,483|
|Salmon ROE Technician||Nomura Trading Co., Ltd.||Juneau, AK||Jun 01, 2015||$37,483|
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