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Become A Toxicologist

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Working As A Toxicologist

  • Getting Information
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Mostly Sitting

  • $83,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Toxicologist Do

Medical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings.

Duties

Medical scientists typically do the following:

  • Design and conduct studies that investigate both human diseases and methods to prevent and treat them
  • Prepare and analyze medical samples and data to investigate causes and treatment of toxicity, pathogens, or chronic diseases
  • Standardize drug potency, doses, and methods to allow for the mass manufacturing and distribution of drugs and medicinal compounds
  • Create and test medical devices
  • Develop programs that improve health outcomes, in partnership with health departments, industry personnel, and physicians
  • Write research grant proposals and apply for funding from government agencies and private funding sources
  • Follow procedures to avoid contamination and maintain safety

Many medical scientists form hypotheses and develop experiments, with little supervision. They often lead teams of technicians, and sometimes students, who perform support tasks. For example, a medical scientist working in a university laboratory may have undergraduate assistants take measurements and make observations for the scientist’s research.

Medical scientists study the causes of diseases and other health problems. For example, a medical scientist who does cancer research might put together a combination of drugs that could slow the cancer’s progress. A clinical trial may be done to test the drugs. A medical scientist may work with licensed physicians to test the new combination on patients who are willing to participate in the study.

In a clinical trial, patients agree to help determine if a particular drug, a combination of drugs, or some other medical intervention works. Without knowing which group they are in, patients in a drug-related clinical trial receive either the trial drug or a placebo—a pill or injection that looks like the trial drug but does not actually contain the drug.

Medical scientists analyze the data from all the patients in the clinical trial, to see how the trial drug performed. They compare the results with those obtained from the control group that took the placebo, and they analyze the attributes of the participants. After they complete their analysis, medical scientists may write about and publish their findings.

Medical scientists do research both to develop new treatments and to try to prevent health problems. For example, they may study the link between smoking and lung cancer or between diet and diabetes.

Medical scientists who work in private industry usually have to research the topics that benefit their company the most, rather than investigate their own interests. Although they may not have the pressure of writing grant proposals to get money for their research, they may have to explain their research plans to nonscientist managers or executives.

Medical scientists usually specialize in an area of research. The following are examples of types of medical scientists:

Cancer researchers research the causes of cancers, as well as ways to prevent and cure cancers. They may specialize in one or more types of cancer.

Clinical and medical informaticians develop new ways to use large datasets. They look for explanations of health outcomes through the statistical analysis of data.

Clinical pharmacologists research, develop, and test current and new drugs. They investigate the full effects that drugs have on human health. Their interests may range from understanding specific molecules to the effects that drugs have on large populations.

Gerontologists study the changes that people go through as they get older. Medical scientists who specialize in this field seek to understand the biology of aging and investigate ways to improve the quality of our later years. 

Immunochemists investigate the reactions and effects that various chemicals and drugs have on the human immune system.

Neuroscientists study the brain and nervous system.

Research histologists have a specific skill set that is used to study human tissue. They investigate how tissue grows, heals, and dies, and may investigate grafting techniques that can help people who have experienced serious injury.  

Serologists research fluids found in the human body, such as blood and saliva. Applied serologists often work in forensic science. For more information on forensic science, see the profile on forensic science technicians.

Toxicologists research the harmful effects of drugs, household chemicals, and other potentially poisonous substances. They seek to ensure the safety of drugs, radiation, and other treatments by investigating safe dosage limits.

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How To Become A Toxicologist

Medical scientists typically have a Ph.D., usually in biology or a related life science. Some medical scientists get a medical degree instead of a Ph.D., but prefer doing research to practicing as a physician.

Education

Students planning careers as medical scientists typically pursue a bachelor’s degree in biology, chemistry, or a related field. Undergraduate students benefit from taking a broad range of classes, including life sciences, physical sciences, and math. Students also typically take courses that develop communication and writing skills, because they must learn to write grants effectively and publish research findings.

After students have completed their undergraduate studies, they typically enter Ph.D. programs. Dual-degree programs are available that pair a Ph.D. with a range of specialized medical degrees. A few degree programs that are commonly paired with Ph.D. studies are Medical Doctor (M.D.), Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.), Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.), and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.). Whereas Ph.D. studies focus on research methods, such as project design and data interpretation, students in dual-degree programs learn both the clinical skills needed to be a physician and the research skills needed to be a scientist.

Graduate programs emphasize both laboratory work and original research. These programs offer prospective medical scientists the opportunity to develop their experiments and, sometimes, to supervise undergraduates. Ph.D. programs culminate in a thesis that the candidate presents before a committee of professors. Students may specialize in a particular field, such as gerontology, neurology, or cancer.

Those who go to medical school spend most of the first 2 years in labs and classrooms, taking courses such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, psychology, microbiology, pathology, medical ethics, and medical law. They also learn how to record medical histories, examine patients, and diagnose illnesses. They may be required to participate in residency programs, meeting the same requirements that physicians and surgeons have to fulfill.

Medical scientists often continue their education with postdoctoral work. Postdoctoral work provides additional and more independent lab experience, including experience in specific processes and techniques such as gene splicing, which is transferable to other research projects.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Medical scientists primarily conduct research and typically do not need licenses or certifications. However, those who administer drugs, gene therapy, or otherwise practice medicine on patients in clinical trials or a private practice need a license to practice as a physician.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Communication is critical, because medical scientists must be able to explain their conclusions. In addition, medical scientists write grant proposals, because grants often are required to fund their research.

Critical-thinking skills. Medical scientists must use their expertise to determine the best method for solving a specific research question.

Data-analysis skills. Medical scientists use statistical techniques, so that they can properly quantify and analyze health research questions.

Decisionmaking skills. Medical scientists must determine what research questions to ask, how best to investigate the questions, and what data will best answer the questions.

Observation skills. Medical scientists conduct experiments that require precise observation of samples and other health data. Any mistake could lead to inconclusive or misleading results.

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Do you work as a Toxicologist?

Average Yearly Salary
$83,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$46,000
Min 10%
$83,000
Median 50%
$83,000
Median 50%
$83,000
Median 50%
$83,000
Median 50%
$83,000
Median 50%
$83,000
Median 50%
$83,000
Median 50%
$150,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Exxon Mobil
Highest Paying City
Maplewood, MN
Highest Paying State
North Dakota
Avg Experience Level
3.4 years
How much does a Toxicologist make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Toxicologist in the United States is $83,561 per year or $40 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $46,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $150,000.

Real Toxicologist Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Senior Toxicologist Exxonmobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc. Annandale, NJ Sep 04, 2015 $114,700 -
$194,900
Medical Toxicologist Dow Agrosciences, LLC Indianapolis, IN Aug 26, 2014 $107,460 -
$161,196
PHD Human Safety Toxicologist The Procter & Gamble Company Cincinnati, OH Jan 20, 2012 $101,000
Toxicologist AIT Laboratories Indianapolis, IN May 01, 2013 $100,000
Toxicologist AIT Laboratories Indianapolis, IN May 01, 2011 $100,000
Project Toxicologist Arcadis U.S., Inc. Cincinnati, OH Oct 01, 2011 $90,002
Advanced Toxicologist Exxonmobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc. Annandale, NJ Sep 04, 2012 $89,900 -
$152,700
Toxicologist Labtest International, Inc. Oak Brook, IL Feb 01, 2011 $85,000
Toxicologist Toxservices LLC Washington, DC Aug 24, 2016 $83,301
Toxicologist Labtest International, Inc. Oak Brook, IL May 01, 2012 $82,846
Toxicologist Labtest International, Inc. Oak Brook, IL Sep 05, 2012 $82,846
Regulatory Toxicologist Georgia Pacific Consumer Products, LP Neenah, WI Aug 19, 2013 $82,000 -
$120,000
Toxicologist Kimberly-Clark Corporation Neenah, WI Sep 15, 2012 $78,875 -
$108,456
Toxicologist APM Wisconsin MSO, LLC Greenfield, WI Aug 27, 2015 $75,000
Toxicologist Lockstep Solutions, LLC Greenfield, WI Sep 15, 2015 $75,000
Toxicologist APM Wisconsin MSO, LLC Greenfield, WI Sep 04, 2014 $75,000
Toxicologist APM Wisconsin MSO LLC Greenfield, WI Jan 08, 2016 $75,000
Toxicologist Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health North Little Rock, AR Aug 25, 2015 $74,074
Toxicologist Toxservices LLC Ann Arbor, MI Sep 15, 2015 $70,000
Toxicologist Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health, Ll North Little Rock, AR Mar 08, 2016 $69,118
Toxicologist II The Dow Chemical Company Midland, MI Oct 25, 2010 $60,000 -
$65,340
Toxicologist/Chemist Castle Medical, LLC Smyrna, GA Aug 25, 2016 $60,000
Toxicologist Huntingdon Life Sciences, Inc. East Millstone, NJ Oct 01, 2014 $59,363 -
$67,995
Toxicologist Toxservices LLC Washington, DC Jun 14, 2016 $59,000 -
$83,000
Toxicologist Toxservices LLC Washington, DC Aug 24, 2016 $59,000 -
$83,000
Toxicologist International Flavors and Fragrances, Inc. Union Beach, NJ Mar 15, 2010 $58,600 -
$83,000

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Top Skills for A Toxicologist

  1. Lab Equipment
  2. Toxicology Studies
  3. Ensure Compliance
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Directed in-house toxicology studies and outsourced specialized studies.
  • Conducted quantitative risk assessments using computer modeling.
  • Responded to external customer inquiries regarding product safety.
  • Evaluated and interpreted test data and results, performed appropriate statistical analysis and prepared reports.
  • Monitor GLP nonclinical toxicology studies.

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Top 10 Best States for Toxicologists

  1. New Jersey
  2. Delaware
  3. Pennsylvania
  4. Connecticut
  5. Maryland
  6. California
  7. Rhode Island
  8. Massachusetts
  9. Nevada
  10. North Carolina
  • (88 jobs)
  • (7 jobs)
  • (77 jobs)
  • (13 jobs)
  • (77 jobs)
  • (488 jobs)
  • (5 jobs)
  • (240 jobs)
  • (4 jobs)
  • (38 jobs)

Toxicologist Demographics

Gender

Male

44.0%

Female

41.2%

Unknown

14.8%
Ethnicity

White

59.3%

Asian

12.7%

Hispanic or Latino

12.1%

Black or African American

10.8%

Unknown

5.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

55.0%

French

15.0%

Vietnamese

5.0%

Turkish

5.0%

Mandarin

5.0%

Russian

5.0%

Shan

5.0%

Italian

5.0%
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Toxicologist Education

Schools

University of Florida

10.5%

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

8.4%

University of Washington

6.3%

University of Kentucky

5.3%

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

5.3%

Oregon State University

5.3%

Duquesne University

5.3%

University of Alabama at Birmingham

5.3%

Texas A&M University

5.3%

Michigan State University

5.3%

North Carolina State University

4.2%

New York University

4.2%

University of California - Davis

4.2%

University of Wisconsin Extension

4.2%

Purdue University

4.2%

University of Texas Medical Branch

4.2%

Louisiana State University and A&M College

3.2%

University of Connecticut

3.2%

University of the Sciences

3.2%

Wright State University

3.2%
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Majors

Pharmacology

27.1%

Biology

13.3%

Chemistry

10.5%

Public Health

6.1%

Pharmacy

5.4%

Medical Technician

4.3%

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Science

3.8%

Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology

3.6%

Physiology And Anatomy

3.3%

Environmental Science

3.1%

Business

3.1%

Medical Assisting Services

2.6%

Criminal Justice

2.6%

Health Care Administration

2.3%

Ecology, Population Biology, And Epidemiology

2.0%

Zoology

1.8%

Cell Biology And Anatomical Science

1.5%

Microbiology

1.3%

Law

1.3%

Management

1.0%
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Degrees

Masters

29.3%

Doctorate

26.4%

Bachelors

24.7%

Other

10.8%

Certificate

4.4%

Associate

3.1%

Diploma

1.2%
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