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Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers usually have a high school diploma and attend a professional truckdriving school. They must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL).Education
Most companies require their truck drivers to have a high school diploma or equivalent.
Many companies require drivers to attend professional truckdriving schools, where they take training courses to learn how to maneuver large vehicles on highways or through crowded streets. During these classes, drivers also learn the federal laws and regulations governing interstate truck driving. Students attend either a private truckdriving school or a program at a community college that lasts between 3 and 6 months.
Upon finishing their classes, drivers receive a certificate of completion.
The U.S. Department of Transportation is considering a requirement that mandates all newly hired interstate truck drivers to take a truckdriving course.
The Professional Truck Driver Institute (PTDI) certifies a small percentage of driver-training courses at truckdriver training schools that meet both the industry standards and the U.S. Department of Transportation guidelines for training tractor-trailer drivers.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
All long-haul truck drivers must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL). Qualifications for obtaining a CDL vary by state but generally include passing both a knowledge test and a driving test. States have the right to refuse to issue a CDL to anyone who has had a CDL suspended by another state.
Drivers can get endorsements to their CDL that show their ability to drive a specialized type of vehicle. Truck drivers transporting hazardous materials (HAZMAT) must have a hazardous materials endorsement (H). Getting this endorsement requires passing an additional knowledge test and a background check.
Federal regulations require random testing of on-duty truck drivers for drug or alcohol abuse. In addition, truck drivers can have their CDL suspended if they are convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or are convicted of a felony involving the use of a motor vehicle.
Other actions can result in a suspension after multiple violations. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration website has a list of these violations. Additionally, some companies have stricter standards than what federal regulations require.Training
After completing truckdriving school and being hired by a company, drivers normally receive between 1 and 3 months of on-the-job training. During this time, they drive a truck with a more experienced mentor–driver in the passenger seat. This period of on-the-job training is given so that the new drivers will learn more about the specific type of truck they will drive and material they will transport.Important Qualities
Hand-eye coordination. Drivers of heavy trucks and tractor-trailers must be able to coordinate their legs, hands, and eyes simultaneously so that they will react appropriately to the situation around them and drive the vehicle safely.
Hearing ability. Truck drivers need good hearing. Federal regulations require that a driver be able to hear a forced whisper in one ear at 5 feet (with or without the use of a hearing aid).
Physical health. Federal regulations do not allow people to become truck drivers if they have a medical condition, such as high blood pressure or epilepsy, which may interfere with their ability to operate a truck. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration website has a full list of medical conditions that disqualify someone from driving a long-haul truck.
Visual ability. Truck drivers must be able to pass vision tests. Federal regulations require a driver to have at least 20/40 vision with a 70-degree field of vision in each eye and the ability to distinguish the colors on a traffic light.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Tractor Driver
Top Careers After Tractor Driver
Hispanic or Latino28.9%
Black or African American0.4%
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Imperial Valley College13.0%
Washington State University5.6%
Oregon State University5.6%
Delgado Community College5.6%
Columbia Basin College5.6%
Palm Beach State College5.6%
Boise State University5.6%
Texas A&M University3.7%
Coahoma Community College3.7%
South Plains College3.7%
Brigham Young University3.7%
South Texas College3.7%
Western Oregon University3.7%
Wake Technical Community College3.7%
William Rainey Harper College3.7%
California State University - Bakersfield3.7%
Arizona Western College3.7%
Modesto Junior College3.7%
William M. Maguy School of Education3.7%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor Drivers||Miller Gordon LLC||Saint George, UT||Oct 01, 2009||$46,592|
|Tractor Drivers||Wafla||Royal City, WA||Feb 29, 2016||$27,966|
|Tractor Drivers||McDougall Family Farming||Royal City, WA||Feb 29, 2016||$27,966|
|Tractor Driver||Ferrari Farms, Inc.||Linden, CA||Feb 21, 2015||$23,646|
|Tractor Driver||Ferrari Farms, Inc.||Linden, CA||Feb 21, 2016||$23,646|
|SOD Farm Tractor Driver||Billy Mayfield Farms||Bay City, TX||Nov 12, 2016||$23,270|
|Tractor Driver||Garry Saha||Bay City, TX||Jan 02, 2015||$22,665|
|Tractor Driver||Garry Saha||Bay City, TX||Apr 22, 2014||$22,665|
|Tractor Driver||Ferrari Farms, Inc.||Linden, CA||Feb 21, 2014||$22,414|
|Tractor Driver||Deep Current AG Management LLC||Rosedale, MS||Jun 13, 2016||$22,310|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Elise Planting Co., Inc.||Donaldsonville, LA||Oct 03, 2016||$22,310|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Segura Farms LLC||New Iberia, LA||Oct 03, 2016||$22,310|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||A and F Farms, Inc.||New Iberia, LA||Dec 03, 2016||$22,310|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||U and R Farms LLC||Belle Rose, LA||Oct 03, 2016||$22,310|
|Farm Tractor Driver||Garry Saha||Bay City, TX||Sep 01, 2016||$21,600|
|Grain Farm Tractor Driver||Hansen Farms||Palacios, TX||Jun 02, 2016||$21,600|
|Tractor Driver||Michael and Janet Saha||Palacios, TX||Mar 16, 2015||$21,600|
|Tractor Driver||Hansen Farms||Palacios, TX||Mar 18, 2015||$21,600|
|Sugar Cane Tractor Driver||C & L Planting, Inc.||White Castle, LA||Mar 01, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Mark Callegan Farms LLC||Plaquemine, LA||Mar 10, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Four Oaks Farms||Vidalia, LA||Mar 07, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Frank Pearce Jr and Son's Farms, Inc.||Maringouin, LA||Sep 21, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Lejeune Brothers LLC||Jeanerette, LA||Mar 07, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Woods Farms, Inc.||Paincourtville, LA||Mar 15, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||B & T Farms, Partnership||Addis, LA||Mar 01, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Green Acres||Jeanerette, LA||Mar 07, 2015||$21,246|
|Tractor Driver||Brignac Farms LLC||Bunkie, LA||Jan 20, 2016||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Medine Farms Inc.||Port Allen, LA||Mar 10, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||U & R Farms LLC||Belle Rose, LA||Mar 10, 2015||$21,246|
|Sugarcane Tractor Driver||Four Oaks Farms||Vidalia, LA||May 04, 2015||$21,246|
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