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Become A Transport Truck Driver

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Working As A Transport Truck Driver

  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Getting Information
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
  • Controlling Machines and Processes
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Stressful

  • $40,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Transport Truck Driver Do

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers transport goods from one location to another. Most tractor-trailer drivers are long-haul drivers and operate trucks with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) capacity of more than 26,000 pounds. These drivers deliver goods over intercity routes, sometimes spanning several states.

Duties

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers typically do the following:

  • Drive long distances
  • Report to a dispatcher any incidents encountered on the road
  • Follow all applicable traffic laws
  • Inspect their trailers before and after the trip, and record any defects they find
  • Maintain a log of their working hours, following all federal and state regulations
  • Report serious mechanical problems to the appropriate personnel
  • Keep their trucks and associated equipment clean and in good working order

Most heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers’ routes are assigned by a dispatcher, but some independent drivers still plan their own routes. They may use satellite tracking to help them plan.

A driver must know which roads allow trucks and which do not. Drivers also must plan legally required rest periods into their trip. Some drivers have one or two routes that they drive regularly, and others drivers take many different routes throughout the country. Also, some drivers have routes that include Mexico or Canada.

Companies sometimes use two drivers, known as teams, on long runs in order to minimize downtime. On these team runs, one driver sleeps in a berth behind the cab while the other drives.

Certain cargo requires drivers to adhere to additional safety regulations. Some heavy truck drivers who transport hazardous materials, such as chemical waste, must take special precautions when driving, and may carry specialized safety equipment in case of an accident. Other drivers, such as those carrying liquids, oversized loads, or cars, must follow rules that apply specifically to them.

Some long-haul truck drivers, called owner–operators, buy or lease trucks and go into business for themselves. In addition to their driving tasks, owner-operators also have business tasks, including finding and keeping clients and doing administrative work, such as accounting.

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How To Become A Transport Truck Driver

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers usually have a high school diploma and attend a professional truckdriving school. They must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL).

Education

Most companies require their truck drivers to have a high school diploma or equivalent.

Many companies require drivers to attend professional truckdriving schools, where they take training courses to learn how to maneuver large vehicles on highways or through crowded streets. During these classes, drivers also learn the federal laws and regulations governing interstate truck driving. Students attend either a private truckdriving school or a program at a community college that lasts between 3 and 6 months.

Upon finishing their classes, drivers receive a certificate of completion.

The U.S. Department of Transportation is considering a requirement that mandates all newly hired interstate truck drivers to take a truckdriving course.

The Professional Truck Driver Institute (PTDI) certifies a small percentage of driver-training courses at truckdriver training schools that meet both the industry standards and the U.S. Department of Transportation guidelines for training tractor-trailer drivers.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

All long-haul truck drivers must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL). Qualifications for obtaining a CDL vary by state but generally include passing both a knowledge test and a driving test. States have the right to refuse to issue a CDL to anyone who has had a CDL suspended by another state.

Drivers can get endorsements to their CDL that show their ability to drive a specialized type of vehicle. Truck drivers transporting hazardous materials (HAZMAT) must have a hazardous materials endorsement (H). Getting this endorsement requires passing an additional knowledge test and a background check.

Federal regulations require random testing of on-duty truck drivers for drug or alcohol abuse. In addition, truck drivers can have their CDL suspended if they are convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or are convicted of a felony involving the use of a motor vehicle.

Other actions can result in a suspension after multiple violations. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration website has a list of these violations. Additionally, some companies have stricter standards than what federal regulations require.

Training

After completing truckdriving school and being hired by a company, drivers normally receive between 1 and 3 months of on-the-job training. During this time, they drive a truck with a more experienced mentor–driver in the passenger seat. This period of on-the-job training is given so that the new drivers will learn more about the specific type of truck they will drive and material they will transport.

Important Qualities

Hand-eye coordination. Drivers of heavy trucks and tractor-trailers must be able to coordinate their legs, hands, and eyes simultaneously so that they will react appropriately to the situation around them and drive the vehicle safely.

Hearing ability. Truck drivers need good hearing. Federal regulations require that a driver be able to hear a forced whisper in one ear at 5 feet (with or without the use of a hearing aid).

Physical health. Federal regulations do not allow people to become truck drivers if they have a medical condition, such as high blood pressure or epilepsy, which may interfere with their ability to operate a truck. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration website has a full list of medical conditions that disqualify someone from driving a long-haul truck.

Visual ability. Truck drivers must be able to pass vision tests. Federal regulations require a driver to have at least 20/40 vision with a 70-degree field of vision in each eye and the ability to distinguish the colors on a traffic light.

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Transport Truck Driver Career Paths

Transport Truck Driver
Delivery Truck Driver Route Driver Maintenance Supervisor
Construction Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Delivery Truck Driver Heavy Equipment Operator Construction Foreman
Construction Superintendent
9 Yearsyrs
Local Truck Driver Shuttle Driver Courier Driver
Courier/Independent Contractor
6 Yearsyrs
Route Driver Truck Driver Dispatcher
Dispatch Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Route Driver Driver
Driver Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Driver
Driver/Owner Operator
5 Yearsyrs
Over The Road Driver Equipment Operator Maintenance Supervisor
General Contractor
5 Yearsyrs
Dump Truck Driver Maintenance Supervisor General Contractor
General Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Dump Truck Driver Driver Trainer Safety Manager
HSE Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver CDL Driver Driver
Lead Driver
5 Yearsyrs
Driver Operation Supervisor Logistics Coordinator
Logistics Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Heavy Equipment Operator Truck Driver
Operator And Truck Driver
5 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Class A Yard Jockey Route Driver
Route Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Driver Dispatcher Operations Manager
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Tank Truck Driver Transportation Driver Handyman
Superintendent
8 Yearsyrs
Heavy Equipment Operator Maintenance Technician Truck Driver
Tank Truck Driver
7 Yearsyrs
Over The Road Driver Route Driver Driver
Transportation Manager
8 Yearsyrs
CDL Class A Driver Courier Driver Transportation Security Officer
Transportation Officer
5 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Class A Shuttle Driver Dispatcher
Transportation Supervisor
7 Yearsyrs
Local Truck Driver Dispatcher Transportation Manager
Warehouse Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
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Average Length of Employment
Truck Driver 3.7 years
Semi Truck Driver 3.5 years
Class A Driver 2.9 years
CDL Driver 2.8 years
Driver 2.6 years
Haul Truck Driver 2.5 years
Local Truck Driver 2.3 years
Fuel Truck Driver 2.3 years
Company Driver 2.2 years
Dump Truck Driver 2.1 years
Top Careers Before Transport Truck Driver
Truck Driver 35.0%
Driver 7.9%
Supervisor 3.6%
Bus Driver 2.9%
Foreman 2.5%
Technician 2.2%
Top Careers After Transport Truck Driver
Truck Driver 35.4%
Driver 9.6%
Supervisor 2.3%
Technician 1.9%

Do you work as a Transport Truck Driver?

Transport Truck Driver Demographics

Gender

Male

85.8%

Female

13.2%

Unknown

1.1%
Ethnicity

White

60.6%

Hispanic or Latino

18.1%

Black or African American

11.6%

Asian

6.7%

Unknown

3.0%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

66.7%

Dakota

16.7%

Cherokee

8.3%

Carrier

8.3%
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Transport Truck Driver Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

16.7%

Liberty University

11.1%

Rowan-Cabarrus Community College

5.6%

Eastern New Mexico University

5.6%

Kaplan University

5.6%

Pikes Peak Community College

5.6%

University of North Texas

5.6%

Universal Technical Institute

5.6%

Tennessee State University

5.6%

Navarro College

5.6%

Saint Louis Community College

2.8%

Barton College

2.8%

Lewis-Clark State College

2.8%

Texas Southern University

2.8%

Springfield Technical Community College

2.8%

Hagerstown Community College

2.8%

West Kentucky Community and Technical College

2.8%

Northeast Technical Institute

2.8%

Eastern Mennonite University

2.8%

St. Philip's College

2.8%
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Majors

Business

17.5%

Criminal Justice

11.3%

General Studies

9.3%

Computer Science

6.2%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

6.2%

Automotive Technology

6.2%

Electrical Engineering Technology

5.2%

General Education, Specific Areas

5.2%

Communication

4.1%

Education

4.1%

Management

3.1%

Health Care Administration

3.1%

Theology

3.1%

Electrical Engineering

3.1%

Drafting And Design

2.1%

Medical Technician

2.1%

Computer Information Systems

2.1%

Business Economics

2.1%

Information Technology

2.1%

Graphic Communications

2.1%
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Degrees

Other

48.4%

Bachelors

16.4%

Associate

15.7%

Certificate

7.5%

Masters

4.4%

Diploma

3.1%

License

2.5%

Doctorate

1.9%
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Top Skills for A Transport Truck Driver

  1. Delivery Documentation
  2. Appropriate Safety Procedures
  3. Delivery Trucks
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Submitted a daily mileage log with trip sheet, fuel, and maintenance and delivery documentation.
  • Followed appropriate safety procedures for transporting dangerous goods.
  • Provided top-notch customer service to clients answering their questions and providing additional information as needed.
  • Prepared daily, weekly and monthly reports as well as log book entries.
  • Operated 40 Ton off road Dump Truck and Water Truck as well a skilled heavy equipment operator.

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Top Transport Truck Driver Employers

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