U.S. Customs and Border Protection Company History Timeline

(6,966 Jobs)
1904

Mounted watchmen of the United States Immigration Service patrolled the border in an effort to prevent illegal crossings as early as 1904, but their efforts were irregular and undertaken only when resources permitted.

1918

In 1918, Supervising Inspector Frank W. Berkshire wrote to the Commissioner-General of Immigration expressing his concerns about the lack of a coordinated, adequate effort to enforce immigration and customs laws along the border with Mexico.

1920

The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the importation, transport, manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages went into effect at midnight on January 16, 1920.

1924

On May 28, 1924, Congress passed the Labor Appropriation Act of 1924, officially establishing the United States Border Patrol for the purpose of securing the borders between inspection stations.

Since its inception in 1924, the United States Border Patrol has had a proud history of service to our nation.

The future of the United States Border Patrol promises to be as exciting and interesting as its past, and will continue to echo the motto that agents have lived by since 1924.

1925

In 1925 its duties were expanded to patrol the seacoast.

1928

The agents did not have uniforms until 1928.

1932

In 1932 the Border Patrol was placed under the authority of two directors, one in charge of the Mexican border office in El Paso, the other in charge of the Canadian border office in Detroit.

1933

President Franklin D. Roosevelt combined the Bureau of Immigration and the Bureau of Naturalization into the Immigration and Naturalization Service in 1933.

1934

The first Border Patrol Academy opened as a training school at Camp Chigas, El Paso, in December 1934.

1935

Although horses remained the transportation of choice for many years, by 1935, the Border Patrol began using motorized vehicles with radios.

1940

The workload and accomplishments of the Patrol remained fairly constant until 1940, when the Immigration Service was moved from the Department of Labor to the Department of Justice.

1952

In 1952, the government airlifted 52,000 illegal immigrants back to the Mexican interior.

1954

The Border Patrol began expelling adult Mexican males by boatlift from Port Isabel, Texas, to Vera Cruz in September 1954.

1963

The Patrol added 155 officers, but discharged 122 of them when the crisis ended in 1963.

1993

In an effort to bring a level of control to the border, Operation "Hold the Line" was established in 1993 in El Paso, and proved an immediate success.

2001

Homeland security became a primary concern of the nation after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

2003

On March 1, 2003, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was established, and the United States Border Patrol became part of United States Customs and Border Protection, a component of DHS.

In addition, the History Program maintains a large reference collection relating to current organizational history and that of the legacy organizations that were united in 2003 to form United States Customs and Border Protection.

2005

The recent history of construction along the border dates back to November 2, 2005 when the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) created the Secure Border Initiative (SBI), a comprehensive, multi-year plan designed to secure America’s borders and reduce illegal immigration.

Founded
2003
Company Founded
Headquarters
Washington, DC
Company Headquarter

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