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High school graduates who have experience using computer software applications, such as word processing and spreadsheets, usually qualify for entry-level positions. Although most secretaries learn their job in several weeks, many legal and medical secretaries require additional training to learn industry-specific terminology. Executive secretaries usually need several years of related work experience.Education
High school graduates can take courses in word processing and office procedures at technical schools or community colleges. Some temporary placement agencies also provide training in word processing, spreadsheet, and database software.
Some medical and legal secretaries learn industry-specific terminology and practices by attending courses offered at community colleges or technical schools. For executive secretary positions, employers increasingly prefer to hire those who have taken some college courses or have a bachelor’s degree.Training
Secretaries and administrative assistants typically learn their skills through short-term on-the-job training, usually lasting a few weeks. During this time they learn about administrative procedures, including how to prepare documents. Medical and legal secretaries’ training may last several months as they learn industry-specific terminology and practices.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Executive secretaries can gain experience by working in administrative positions that have less challenging responsibilities. Many secretaries and administrative assistants advance to higher level administrative positions.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Although not required, certification can demonstrate competency to employers.
The International Association of Administrative Professionals offers the Certified Administrative Professional (CAP) certification. Candidates must have a minimum of 2 to 4 years of administrative work experience, depending on their level of education, and pass an examination.
Legal secretaries have several certification options. For example, those with 1 year of general office experience, or who have completed an approved training course, can acquire the Accredited Legal Professional (ALP) certification through a testing process administered by NALS (previously known as National Association of Legal Secretaries). NALS also offers the Professional Legal Secretary (PLS) certification, considered to be an advanced certification for legal support professionals.
The Certified Legal Secretary Specialist (CLSS) certification is conferred by Legal Secretaries International in areas such as intellectual property, criminal law, civil litigation, probate, and business law. Candidates typically need to have 5 years of legal experience and pass an examination to become certified.Advancement
Secretaries and administrative assistants generally advance to other administrative positions with more responsibilities, such as office supervisor, office manager, or executive secretary.
With additional training, many legal secretaries become paralegals or legal assistants.Important Qualities
Integrity. Many secretaries and administrative assistants are trusted to handle sensitive information. For example, medical secretaries collect patient data that is required, by law, to be kept confidential in order to protect patient privacy.
Interpersonal skills. Secretaries and administrative assistants interact with clients, customers, or staff. They should communicate effectively and be courteous when interacting with others to create a positive work environment and client experience.
Organizational skills. Secretaries and administrative assistants keep files, folders, and schedules in proper order so an office can run efficiently.
Writing skills. Secretaries and administrative assistants write memos and emails when communicating with managers, employees, and customers. Therefore, they must have good grammar, ensure accuracy, and maintain a professional tone.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Vascular Surgeon
Top Careers After Vascular Surgeon
Hispanic or Latino14.2%
Black or African American0.3%
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University of Florida8.3%
University of Pennsylvania8.3%
Cardinal Stritch University8.3%
University of Rhode Island8.3%
Columbus State Community College4.2%
Louisiana State University and A&M College4.2%
Monroe Community College4.2%
University of Colorado at Boulder4.2%
New York University4.2%
Saint Francis University4.2%
North Country Community College4.2%
Indiana State University4.2%
North-West College - Pomona4.2%
University of South Alabama4.2%
Manchester Community College4.2%
Middlesex County College4.2%
University of Miami4.2%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Vascular Surgeon & Speciality Medicine Consultant||Hattiesburg Clinic P A||Hattiesburg, MS||Mar 01, 2015||$626,100|
|Vascular Surgeon & Specialty Medicine Consultant||Hattiesburg Clinic, P.A.||Hattiesburg, MS||Jun 09, 2014||$626,100|
|Vascular Surgeon||Bay Regional Medical Center||West Branch, MI||Jul 27, 2014||$550,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Bay Regional Medical Center||Bay City, MI||Jul 27, 2014||$550,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Faith Regional Physician Services, LLC||Norfolk, NE||Sep 15, 2015||$496,485|
|Vascular Surgeon||River To River Heart Group, LLC||Marion, IL||Jul 31, 2016||$480,279|
|Vascular Surgeon||Allied Physicians of Michiana, LLC||Mishawaka, IN||Feb 23, 2016||$475,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Kadlec Regional Medical Center||Richland, WA||Nov 01, 2015||$455,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Kadlec Regional Medical Center||Richland, WA||Jan 11, 2015||$455,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Banner Medical Group||Fairbanks, AK||Aug 01, 2016||$450,792|
|Vascular Surgeon||Southern Illinois Medical Services||Herrin, IL||Jul 27, 2015||$375,000 -
|Vascular Surgeon||Southern Illinoisan Medical Services||Murphysboro, IL||Jul 27, 2015||$375,000 -
|Vascular Surgeon||Southern Illinois Medical Services||Benton, IL||Jun 09, 2016||$375,000 -
|Vascular Surgeon||Southern Illinois Medical Services||Carbondale, IL||Apr 27, 2016||$375,000 -
|Vascular Surgeon||Wellmont Cardiology Services||Kingsport, TN||Oct 19, 2016||$375,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Wellmont Cardiology Services||Kingsport, TN||Jul 01, 2015||$375,000|
|Vascular Surgeon||Southern Illinois Medical Services||Marion, IL||Jun 09, 2016||$375,000 -
|Vascular Surgeon||Southern Illinois Medical Services||Murphysboro, IL||Jul 27, 2015||$375,000 -
|Vascular Surgeon Physician||Methodist Lebonheur Healthcare||Memphis, TN||Nov 10, 2014||$338,637|
|Vascular Surgeon||Methodist Lebonheur Healthcare||Memphis, TN||Mar 16, 2015||$338,637|
|Vascular Surgeon Physician||Methodist Lebonheur Healthcare||Memphis, TN||Sep 22, 2014||$337,500|
|Vascular Surgeon||Wentworth-Douglass Physician Corporation||Portsmouth, NH||Sep 10, 2015||$330,370|
|Vascular Surgeon||Wentworth-Douglass Physician Corporation||Dover, NH||Sep 10, 2015||$330,370|
|Vascular Surgeon||Vascular Surgery Associates, P.C.||Flint, MI||Jan 07, 2016||$326,094|
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