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Become A Vice Principal

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Working As A Vice Principal

  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Developing and Building Teams
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Make Decisions

  • $80,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Vice Principal Do

Elementary, middle, and high school principals manage all school operations, including daily school activities. They coordinate curricula, oversee teachers and other school staff, and provide a safe and productive learning environment for students.

Duties

Elementary, middle, and high school principals typically do the following:

  • Manage school activities and staff, including teachers and support personnel
  • Establish and oversee class schedules
  • Develop, implement, and maintain curriculum standards
  • Counsel and discipline students
  • Observe teachers and classroom activities
  • Assist teachers in managing students’ behavior
  • Evaluate teachers’ performance
  • Meet with parents and teachers to discuss students’ progress and behavior
  • Assess and prepare reports on test scores and other student achievement data
  • Organize professional development programs and workshops for staff
  • Manage the school’s budget, order school supplies, and schedule maintenance
  • Establish and coordinate security procedures for students, staff, and visitors

Elementary, middle, and high school principals manage the overall operation of schools, including building maintenance and cafeteria services. They set and oversee academic goals and ensure that teachers have the necessary equipment and resources. In public schools, principals also implement standards and programs set by the school district, state, and/or federal regulations. They evaluate and prepare reports on their school’s performance based on these standards by assessing student achievement and teacher performance. Principals may establish and oversee additional programs in their school, such as counseling, special education programs, and before- and after-school childcare programs.

Principals serve as the public face of their school. They meet with superintendents, legislators, and members of the community to request or explain funding for their schools. They also address the concerns of parents and members of the community.

The duties of principals vary by the size of the school and district. In larger schools and districts, principals have additional resources and staff to help them achieve goals. For example, large school districts often have instructional coordinators who help with data analysis and with teachers’ professional development. Principals also may have staff who oversee the hiring process of all school personnel, including teachers, custodians, and cafeteria workers. Principals in small school districts may need to assume these and other duties themselves.

Many schools have assistant principals who help principals with school administration. Principals typically assign specific administrative duties to their assistant principals. In some school districts, assistant principals are hired to handle a specific subject area, such as literacy or math. Assistants may be assigned to handle student safety, provide student academic counseling, or enforce disciplinary or attendance rules. They may also coordinate buses or supervise building and grounds maintenance.

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How To Become A Vice Principal

Most schools require elementary, middle, and high school principals to have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most principals also have work experience as teachers.

Education

Principals typically need a master’s degree in education leadership or education administration. These master’s degree programs prepare future principals to manage staff, prepare and manage budgets, set goals, and work with parents and the community. To enter the master’s degree programs, candidates typically need a bachelor’s degree in education, school counseling, or a related field.

Work Experience in a Related Occupation

Principals typically need several years of work experience as a teacher. For more information on how to become a teacher, see the profiles on kindergarten and elementary school teachers, middle school teachers, and high school teachers.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most states require public school principals to be licensed as school administrators. Licensure requirements vary by state, but most require a master’s degree. Some states have alternative programs for candidates who do not have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most states also require candidates to pass an exam and a background check.

Principals in private schools are not required to have a state-issued license.

Advancement

An assistant principal can advance to become a principal. Some principals advance to become superintendents, which may require completion of additional education. Others become instructional coordinators.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Principals must communicate effectively with students, teachers, and parents. For example, when dealing with student disciplinary or academic issues, they consult with and listen to parents and teachers to understand the problem.

Critical-thinking skills. Principals analyze student test results and testing procedures to determine if improvements are needed. They must assess the available options and choose the best means to help students achieve better results.

Decisionmaking skills. Because principals are responsible for students, staff members, and the overall operation of the school, they consider many factors when making decisions.

Interpersonal skills. Because principals work with teachers, parents, and superintendents, they must be able to develop positive working relationships with them.

Leadership skills. Principals set educational goals and establish policies and procedures for the school. They need to be able to motivate teachers and other staff to achieve set goals.

Problem-solving skills. Teachers, students, and other staff members report problems to the principal. Principals need to be able to analyze problems, and develop and implement appropriate solutions.

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Vice Principal Jobs

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Vice Principal Career Paths

Vice Principal
Principal Vice President
Executive Director
10 Yearsyrs
Principal Director
Regional Director
9 Yearsyrs
Principal Superintendent
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Principal
11 Yearsyrs
Elementary School Principal
High School Principal
9 Yearsyrs
Elementary School Principal Superintendent
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
School Principal Director
Center Director
7 Yearsyrs
Elementary School Principal Director
Education Director
7 Yearsyrs
School Principal
10 Yearsyrs
High School Principal Superintendent
Area Manager
7 Yearsyrs
High School Principal
Athletic Director
5 Yearsyrs
Athletic Director Program Director
Project Director
8 Yearsyrs
Athletic Director Vice President
Advisory Board Member
5 Yearsyrs
Athletic Director Development Director
Director Of Advancement
11 Yearsyrs
Elementary School Principal
12 Yearsyrs
High School Principal Assistant Superintendent
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Program Director
Communications Director
6 Yearsyrs
Program Director President
Commissioner
5 Yearsyrs
Executive Director President
Board President
6 Yearsyrs
Executive Director Chief Nursing Officer
Interim Director
10 Yearsyrs
Executive Director Operations Vice President
Director, Special Projects
9 Yearsyrs
School Principal Education Director
Campus Director
7 Yearsyrs
Middle School Principal
11 Yearsyrs
Office Manager Property Manager
Communications Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Office Manager General Manager
Area Director
8 Yearsyrs
Office Manager Operations Manager
Center Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Middle School Principal Director Of Instruction
Curriculum Director
8 Yearsyrs
Vice President President
Founder And Executive Director
6 Yearsyrs
Owner Assistant Director
Director Of Admissions
7 Yearsyrs
Owner Founder
Board Member
5 Yearsyrs
Owner Co-Founder
Founder And Director
6 Yearsyrs
School Director Development Director
Interim Executive Director
11 Yearsyrs
School Director Regional Director
State Director
8 Yearsyrs
School Principal
School Director
6 Yearsyrs
General Manager Senior Manager
Associate Director
8 Yearsyrs
General Manager Assistant Director
Director Of Training
7 Yearsyrs
Middle School Principal Education Director
Director Of Program Services
8 Yearsyrs
Education Director Communications Director
District Director
8 Yearsyrs
Middle School Principal Director Of Special Education
Director Of Special Services
8 Yearsyrs
Assistant Superintendent Senior Project Manager
Director, Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Assistant Superintendent Director Of Instruction
Department Director
6 Yearsyrs
Operations Manager Terminal Manager
Line Manager
5 Yearsyrs
School Director Interim Director
Director Of Outreach
6 Yearsyrs
Activities Director Communications Director
Engagement Director
10 Yearsyrs
Activities Director Center Director
Early Childhood Services Director
8 Yearsyrs
Activities Director Director Of Admissions
College Director
6 Yearsyrs
Operations Manager President/Chief Executive Officer
Director Of Communications And Outreach
8 Yearsyrs
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Vice Principal Demographics

Gender

Male

42.8%

Female

42.3%

Unknown

14.8%
Ethnicity

White

53.8%

Hispanic or Latino

18.2%

Black or African American

11.2%

Asian

10.6%

Unknown

6.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

39.2%

French

9.3%

Urdu

9.3%

Arabic

8.2%

Chinese

6.2%

Hindi

5.2%

Mandarin

3.1%

Portuguese

3.1%

Turkish

2.1%

Korean

2.1%

Italian

2.1%

German

2.1%

Chewa

1.0%

Dutch

1.0%

Sindhi

1.0%

Russian

1.0%

Nepali

1.0%

Uzbek

1.0%

Cantonese

1.0%

Occidental

1.0%
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Vice Principal Education

Schools

Nova Southeastern University

9.0%

Walden University

9.0%

National University

7.8%

Grand Canyon University

7.4%

University of Phoenix

7.0%

Seton Hall University

7.0%

Kean University

5.9%

New Jersey City University

5.1%

Montclair State University

4.3%

Loyola Marymount University

4.3%

Rowan University

4.3%

Capella University

3.9%

University of Southern California

3.5%

University of San Francisco

3.1%

California State University - East Bay

3.1%

University of North Florida

3.1%

University of Hawaii at Manoa

3.1%

Pepperdine University

3.1%

Saint Peter's University

3.1%

University of La Verne

2.7%
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Majors

Educational Leadership

32.8%

Education

18.8%

Elementary Education

8.1%

Business

8.0%

English

3.9%

Special Education

3.4%

General Education, Specific Areas

2.8%

Counseling Psychology

2.3%

Curriculum And Instruction

2.2%

Psychology

2.2%

School Counseling

2.1%

Management

2.0%

Theology

2.0%

Accounting

2.0%

Mathematics

1.5%

Early Childhood Education

1.4%

Biology

1.2%

Criminal Justice

1.2%

Human Resources Management

1.2%

Liberal Arts

1.1%
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Degrees

Masters

43.6%

Bachelors

18.5%

Other

18.1%

Doctorate

10.6%

Certificate

5.1%

Associate

2.1%

Diploma

1.6%

License

0.4%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary
Average Yearly Salary
$80,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$38,000
Min 10%
$80,000
Median 50%
$80,000
Median 50%
$80,000
Median 50%
$80,000
Median 50%
$80,000
Median 50%
$80,000
Median 50%
$80,000
Median 50%
$169,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
San Diego Unified School District
Highest Paying City
Pleasanton, CA
Highest Paying State
North Dakota
Avg Experience Level
3.9 years
How much does a Vice Principal make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Vice Principal in the United States is $80,538 per year or $39 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $38,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $169,000.

Real Vice Principal Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Vice Principal Princeton International School of Mathematics and Science, Inc. Princeton, NJ Jan 09, 2016 $120,000
Vice Principal Princeton International School of Mathematics and Princeton, NJ Sep 12, 2013 $120,000
Principal & Vice Cross Atlantic Capital Partners Inc. Radnor, PA Oct 02, 2011 $110,000 -
$175,000
Vice Principal Newton Public Schools Norton Center, MA Sep 02, 2015 $100,355
Vice Principal Potomac Conference of Seventh-Day Adventists Takoma Park, MD Jul 30, 2013 $70,409
Vice Principal Great Revelations Academy, Inc. Dearborn, MI Sep 01, 2015 $66,158
Vice Principal Torchlight Academy Raleigh, NC Sep 07, 2015 $57,000
Vice Principal Torchlight Academy Raleigh, NC Jul 09, 2015 $57,000
Vice Principal Torchlight Academy Raleigh, NC Jan 07, 2016 $57,000
Vice Principal Mount Carmel School, Inc. Jul 01, 2014 $27,810
Vice Principal Mount Carmel School, Inc. Feb 14, 2013 $27,810
Vice Principal Mount Carmel School, Inc. Jul 01, 2013 $27,810

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Top Skills for A Vice Principal

  1. Curriculum Development
  2. Student Learning
  3. Classroom Management
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Created data reports that increased high leverage student success strategies ranging from curriculum development and credit retrieval to student planning meetings.
  • Managed physical plan of building and advocated issues to be addressed in ways that support student learning.
  • Attended a variety of professional development workshops centered on learning goals, classroom management, student motivation and engaging learning activities.
  • Supervised teachers and other staff members with the overall responsibility for staff development, curriculum implementation, and professional development training.
  • Create professional development sessions based on campus academic and discipline data in order to increase student achievement.

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Top 10 Best States for Vice Principals

  1. New Jersey
  2. Connecticut
  3. California
  4. New York
  5. Washington
  6. Rhode Island
  7. Maryland
  8. Delaware
  9. Massachusetts
  10. Minnesota
  • (157 jobs)
  • (36 jobs)
  • (637 jobs)
  • (139 jobs)
  • (90 jobs)
  • (29 jobs)
  • (79 jobs)
  • (6 jobs)
  • (112 jobs)
  • (57 jobs)

Top Vice Principal Employers

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