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Graphic designers create visual concepts, using computer software or by hand, to communicate ideas that inspire, inform, and captivate consumers. They develop the overall layout and production design for various applications such as for advertisements, brochures, magazines, and corporate reports.Duties
Graphic designers typically do the following:
Graphic designers combine art and technology to communicate ideas through images and the layout of websites and printed pages. They may use a variety of design elements to achieve artistic or decorative effects.
Graphic designers work with both text and images. They often select the type, font, size, color, and line length of headlines, headings, and text. Graphic designers also decide how images and text will go together on a print or webpage, including how much space each will have. When using text in layouts, graphic designers collaborate closely with writers who choose the words and decide whether the words will be put into paragraphs, lists, or tables. Through the use of images, text, and color, graphic designers can transform statistical data into visual graphics and diagrams, which can make complex ideas more accessible.
Graphic design is important to marketing and selling products, and is a critical component of brochures and logos. Therefore, graphic designers, also referred to as graphic artists or communication designers, often work closely with people in advertising and promotions, public relations, and marketing.
Frequently, designers specialize in a particular category or type of client. For example, some create the graphics used on retail products packaging, still others may work on the visual designs used on book jackets.
Graphic designers need to keep up to date with the latest software and computer technologies to remain competitive.
Some individuals with a background in graphic design teach in design schools, colleges, and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.
Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.Education
A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.
High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.
Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.
Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.Other Experience
Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.Advancement
Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.
Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.
Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.
Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.
Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.
Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Web Graphic Designer
Top Careers After Web Graphic Designer
Hispanic or Latino11.4%
Black or African American0.7%
Web Graphic Designer
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Art Institute of Pittsburgh11.3%
Savannah College of Art and Design9.7%
University of Phoenix8.3%
Full Sail University7.3%
International Academy of Design and Technology6.0%
Art Institute of Atlanta5.0%
Florida State University4.7%
American InterContinental University4.7%
Art Institute of Houston4.7%
Rochester Institute of Technology4.0%
University of Central Florida4.0%
University of Houston4.0%
Art Institute of California - Inland3.7%
Academy of Art University3.3%
University of Denver3.3%
George Mason University3.0%
University of North Carolina at Charlotte3.0%
Web Graphic Designer
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Senior Interactive Web Graphic Designer||Fox News Network LLC||New York, NY||Jul 23, 2013||$109,777|
|Web & Graphic Designer||MacQuarie Holdings (USA) Inc.||New York, NY||Aug 25, 2010||$100,000|
|Senior Web and Graphic Designer||Hot Topic, Inc.||Industry, CA||Jun 15, 2015||$85,000|
|Web Graphics Expert||Autodesk, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Oct 02, 2014||$85,000 -
|Web Interactive Graphic Designer||Fox News Network LLC||New York, NY||Oct 01, 2012||$82,850|
|Web Interactive Graphic Designer||Fox News Network LLC||New York, NY||Jun 14, 2010||$80,000|
|Web/Graphic Designer||Norvax Inc.||Chicago, IL||Oct 01, 2010||$80,000|
|Web Graphic Designer||Livestream LLC||New York, NY||May 07, 2013||$76,856 -
|Web Graphic Designer||NDJ Sustainable Engineering, LLC||CA||Sep 16, 2016||$73,045|
|Web/Graphic Designer||Innodial Communications, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Feb 01, 2011||$72,000|
|Web/Graphic Designer||Innodial Communications, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Apr 07, 2011||$72,000|
|Web Graphic Designer||Christian Copyright Licensing International, Inc.||Portland, OR||Mar 18, 2011||$71,885|
|Senior Web Graphic Designer||Blizzard Entertainment, Inc.||Irvine, CA||Mar 01, 2010||$70,228|
|Japanese Web Graphic Designer||Xponential, Inc.||Provo, UT||Nov 29, 2013||$51,397|
|Internet Production Artist/Web Graphic Designer||Benchmark Brands, Inc.||Norcross, GA||Oct 01, 2009||$51,106|
|Website Graphic Designer||Alchemy Ventures, Inc.||Richardson, TX||Sep 30, 2009||$50,400|
|Web Graphic Designer||Soltech Us Corp||Ridgefield, NJ||Nov 27, 2015||$50,149|
|Web Graphic Designer||Quijote Corporation||Los Angeles, CA||Oct 02, 2009||$50,000|
|Web/Graphic Designer||Fluent, Inc.||New York, NY||Dec 10, 2010||$43,180|
|Web/Graphic Designer||Fluent, Inc.||New York, NY||Jan 01, 2011||$43,180|
|Website Graphic Designer||Elite Business Ventures, Inc.||San Diego, CA||Jun 25, 2014||$42,324|
|Web/Graphic Designer||DR. Smoothie Brands, Inc.||Fullerton, CA||Oct 05, 2009||$42,000|
|Web Graphic Designer (Programmer)||Visionaire Group, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Apr 01, 2010||$42,000|
|Web Graphic Designer (Programmer)||The Visionaire Group||Los Angeles, CA||Apr 01, 2010||$42,000|
|Web and APP Graphic Designer||Sercle, Inc.||Fremont, CA||Aug 25, 2016||$41,740|
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