These Are The Jobs With The Highest Rate Of Uninsured Workers

By Chris Kolmar
Mar. 20, 2018

Find a Job You Really Want In

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Some jobs, like mine, involve sitting in front of a computer all day typing. My biggest health risk comes from not moving enough.

Other jobs, like Roofing and Construction Contractors are a bit riskier to say the least.

And while I’m glad I have health insurance in case something does go wrong outside of work, I can’t imagine working in a dangerous occupation without insurance.

But people do just that — go to work without having health insurance; 11.7% of the prime working age population with full time jobs lack insurance according to our data — basically inline with the national average.

However, that lack of insurance is not evenly spread across all occupations. Almost everyone who works full time in the military has insurance (.3% uninsured), but 50.6% of those same roofers mentioned earlier lack insurance.

So not only are roofers working some incredibly risky jobs, but they aren’t even insured more than half the time.

Here’s a look at the ten occupations with the highest levels of uninsured workers:

  1. Roofers (50.5% uninsured)
  2. Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, And Tapers (49.5%)
  3. Plasterers And Stucco Masons (49.1%)
  4. Dishwashers (47.3%)
  5. Fence Erectors (45.8%)
  6. Carpet, Floor, And Tile Installers And Finishers (45.2%)
  7. Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers, Including Animal Breeders (43.9%)
  8. Painters And Paperhangers (43.1%)
  9. Helpers, Construction Trades (42.8%)
  10. Helpers-Installation, Maintenance, And Repair Workers (40.5%)
  11. Grounds Maintenance Workers (39%)

A pretty common theme? People working in construction have lower levels of health insurance.

For a summary of our findings and more on how we calculated this data, read on.

Summary Of Findings

  • The overall uninsured rate for the prime working age population with full time jobs is 11.7%.
  • The occupation with the lowest level of the uninsured is “First-Line Enlisted Military Supervisors” at .3%.
  • Roofers have the highest uninsurance rate of 50.5%.
  • Military occupations generally have the lowest levels of uninsured workers.
  • The construction industry has very high levels of uninsured workers.
  • While not in the specific purview of this analysis, the eyeball test says there’s an inverse relationship between income and uninsurance rates.

How We Determined The Occupations With The Lowest Levels Of Health Insurance

To calculate the uninsured rate, we looked at the most recently available American Community Survey PUMS data for 2012-2016.

Specifically, we looked at:

  1. The prime working age population (Ages 25-64)
  2. That had a full time job (worked more than 35 hrs a week,

Then we looked at the HICOV — Health insurance coverage recode that identifies if a person had insurance or not. We weighted each record using the appropriate “Person Weight” variable PWGTP and grouped them by the some 475 occupations listed in the Census data.

While we highlight the top and bottom of the data, the entire table is available below.

Click to enlarge.

Detailed Rankings Of The Jobs With The Highest Uninsured Worker Rate

Occupation Uninsured Rate
Roofers 50.55%
Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, And Tapers 49.53%
Plasterers And Stucco Masons 49.06%
Dishwashers 47.3%
Fence Erectors 45.75%
Carpet, Floor, And Tile Installers And Finishers 45.22%
Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers, Including Animal Breeders 43.87%
Painters And Paperhangers 43.07%
Helpers, Construction Trades 42.78%
Helpers-Installation, Maintenance, And Repair Workers 40.48%
Grounds Maintenance Workers 38.97%
Cement Masons, Concrete Finishers, And Terrazzo Workers 38.69%
Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, And Reinforcing Iron And Rebar Workers 38.64%
Fishing And Hunting Workers 38.29%
Pressers, Textile, Garment, And Related Materials 37.97%
Cooks 37.96%
Construction Laborers 37.5%
Waiters And Waitresses 37.13%
Logging Workers 35.22%
Graders And Sorters, Agricultural Products 34.89%
Carpenters 34.58%
Dancers And Choreographers 34.27%
Cleaners Of Vehicles And Equipment 33.99%
Automotive And Watercraft Service Attendants 33.45%
Bartenders 33.4%
Helpers-Production Workers 33.36%
Miscellaneous Vehicle And Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, And Repairers 32.72%
Food Preparation Workers 32.55%
Barbers 32.36%
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, And Coffee Shop 32.06%
Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News And Street Vendors, And Related Workers 32.03%
Shoe And Leather Workers 31.2%
Insulation Workers 30.67%
Miscellaneous Food Preparation And Serving Related Workers, Including Dining Room And Cafeteria Attendants And Bartender Helpers 30.39%
Sewing Machine Operators 29.82%
Personal Care And Service Workers, All Other 29.54%
Maids And Housekeeping Cleaners 29.47%
Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Wood 29.22%
Telemarketers 28.68%
Laundry And Dry-Cleaning Workers 28.51%
Taxi Drivers And Chauffeurs 27.8%
Packers And Packagers, Hand 27.65%
Upholsterers 27.64%
Motion Picture Projectionists 26.88%
Forest And Conservation Workers 26.75%
Hosts And Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, And Coffee Shop 26.73%
Miscellaneous Personal Appearance Workers 26.72%
Miscellaneous Woodworkers, Including Model Makers And Patternmakers 26.6%
Molders, Shapers, And Casters, Except Metal And Plastic 26.52%
Cashiers 26.08%
Automotive Glass Installers And Repairers 26.06%
Furniture Finishers 26.04%
Automotive Body And Related Repairers 25.97%
Tailors, Dressmakers, And Sewers 25.97%
Chefs And Head Cooks 25.94%
Combined Food Preparation And Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 25.87%
Cabinetmakers And Bench Carpenters 25.75%
Textile Bleaching And Dyeing, And Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders 25.45%
Bakers 25.42%
Small Engine Mechanics 25.27%
Hotel, Motel, And Resort Desk Clerks 25.27%
Refuse And Recyclable Material Collectors 25.01%
Parking Lot Attendants 24.62%
Miscellaneous Construction Workers, Including Solar Photovoltaic Installers, Septic Tank Servicers And Sewer Pipe Cleaners 24.47%
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 24.23%
Automotive Service Technicians And Mechanics 24.07%
Personal Care Aides 23.82%
Massage Therapists 23.7%
Crossing Guards 23.68%
Paving, Surfacing, And Tamping Equipment Operators 23.04%
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Except Sawing 22.95%
Jewelers And Precious Stone And Metal Workers 22.73%
Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 22.6%
Tour And Travel Guides 22.5%
First-Line Supervisors Of Landscaping, Lawn Service, And Groundskeeping Workers 22.09%
Models, Demonstrators, And Product Promoters 22%
Food Cooking Machine Operators And Tenders 21.61%
First_Line Supervisors Of Food Preparation And Serving Workers 21.46%
Entertainers And Performers, Sports And Related Workers, All Other 21.46%
Home Appliance Repairers 21.41%
Animal Trainers 21.33%
Cutting Workers 21.29%
Hairdressers, Hairstylists, And Cosmetologists 21.25%
Butchers And Other Meat, Poultry, And Fish Processing Workers 21.18%
Ambulance Drivers And Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 21.14%
Boilermakers 21.05%
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators And Tenders 21.04%
Childcare Workers 20.98%
Glaziers 20.39%
Etchers And Engravers 20.35%
Electronic Equipment Installers And Repairers, Motor Vehicles 20.31%
Food Service Managers 20.29%
Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers And Repairers 20.17%
Miscellaneous Textile, Apparel, And Furnishings Workers, Except Upholsterers 20.08%
First-Line Supervisors Of Farming, Fishing, And Forestry Workers 20.01%
Painting Workers 19.97%
Counter And Rental Clerks 19.93%
Packaging And Filling Machine Operators And Tenders 19.73%
Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, And Steamfitters 19.59%
Earth Drillers, Except Oil And Gas 19.5%
Welding, Soldering, And Brazing Workers 19.38%
Laborers And Freight, Stock, And Material Movers, Hand 19.33%
Dredge, Excavating, And Loading Machine Operators 19.06%
Miscellaneous Extraction Workers, Including Roof Bolters And Helpers 18.99%
Driver/Sales Workers And Truck Drivers 18.77%
Miscellaneous Entertainment Attendants And Related Workers 18.69%
Pest Control Workers 18.62%
Machine Feeders And Offbearers 18.58%
Janitors And Building Cleaners 18.56%
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 18.48%
Derrick, Rotary Drill, And Service Unit Operators, And Roustabouts, Oil, Gas, And Mining 18.36%
Industrial Truck And Tractor Operators 18.35%
Structural Iron And Steel Workers 18.29%
Nursing, Psychiatric, And Home Health Aides 17.74%
Embalmers And Funeral Attendants 17.52%
Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, And Repair Workers, Including Wind Turbine Service Technicians 17.3%
First-Line Supervisors Of Housekeeping And Janitorial Workers 17.08%
Food Batchmakers 17.05%
Sheet Metal Workers 16.6%
Musicians, Singers, And Related Workers 16.55%
Conveyor Operators And Tenders, And Hoist And Winch Operators 16.46%
First-Line Supervisors Of Personal Service Workers 16.38%
Security Guards And Gaming Surveillance Officers 16.3%
Heating, Air Conditioning, And Refrigeration Mechanics And Installers 16.2%
Food Processing Workers, All Other 16.11%
Announcers 16.04%
Ushers, Lobby Attendants, And Ticket Takers 16.02%
Couriers And Messengers 15.87%
Crushing, Grinding, Polishing, Mixing, And Blending Workers 15.5%
Stock Clerks And Order Fillers 15.47%
Textile Setters, Operators, And Tenders 15.47%
Construction Equipment Operators, Except Paving, Surfacing, And Tamping Equipment Operators 15.46%
Locksmiths And Safe Repairers 15.25%
Textile Knitting And Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders 15.17%
Miscellaneous Assemblers And Fabricators 15.13%
Machine Tool Cutting Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Metal And Plastic 15.07%
Miscellaneous Material Moving Workers, Including Mine Shuttle Car Operators, And Tank Car, Truck, And Ship Loaders 15.06%
Miscellaneous Production Workers, Including Semiconductor Processors 15.04%
Actors 14.77%
Riggers 14.73%
Farmers, Ranchers, And Other Agricultural Managers 14.72%
First-Line Supervisors Of Construction Trades And Extraction Workers 14.72%
Food And Tobacco Roasting, Baking, And Drying Machine Operators And Tenders 14.71%
Retail Salespersons 14.67%
Structural Metal Fabricators And Fitters 14.31%
Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 14.28%
Extruding, Forming, Pressing, And Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders 14.26%
Tax Preparers 14.1%
Security And Fire Alarm Systems Installers 14%
Photographers 13.97%
Chiropractors 13.88%
Artists And Related Workers 13.76%
Electricians 13.7%
Veterinary Assistants And Laboratory Animal Caretakers 13.65%
Dental Assistants 13.54%
Health Diagnosing And Treating Practitioners, All Other 13.51%
Religious Workers, All Other 13.42%
Coin, Vending, And Amusement Machine Servicers And Repairers 13.24%
Bus And Truck Mechanics And Diesel Engine Specialists 13.18%
Preschool And Kindergarten Teachers 12.78%
Print Binding And Finishing Workers 12.75%
Shipping, Receiving, And Traffic Clerks 12.7%
Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants 12.5%
Printing Press Operators 12.42%
Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Metal And Plastic 12.41%
Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders 12.34%
Telephone Operators 12.26%
Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, And Samplers, Recordkeeping 12.24%
Model Makers, Patternmakers, And Molding Machine Setters, Metal And Plastic 12.15%
Miscellaneous Metal Workers And Plastic Workers, Including Multiple Machine Tool Setters 12.1%
Electrical, Electronics, And Electromechanical Assemblers 12.09%
Lodging Managers 12.04%
Parts Salespersons 11.91%
Construction Managers 11.84%
Sailors And Marine Oilers, And Ship Engineers 11.81%
Photographic Process Workers And Processing Machine Operators 11.8%
Medical, Dental, And Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 11.69%
Receptionists And Information Clerks 11.65%
Mail Clerks And Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 11.45%
Gaming Services Workers 11.44%
Extruding And Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Metal And Plastic 11.4%
Recreation And Fitness Workers 11.39%
Gaming Managers 11.37%
Prepress Technicians And Workers 11.23%
Pumping Station Operators 11.16%
Bill And Account Collectors 11.14%
Miscellaneous Media And Communication Workers 11.06%
Television, Video, And Motion Picture Camera Operators And Editors 11.04%
Agents And Business Managers Of Artists, Performers, And Athletes 11.02%
Baggage Porters, Bellhops, And Concierges 11.01%
Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, And Kettle Operators And Tenders 10.97%
Heavy Vehicle And Mobile Equipment Service Technicians And Mechanics 10.95%
Maintenance And Repair Workers, General 10.89%
First-Line Supervisors Of Retail Sales Workers 10.88%
Telecommunications Line Installers And Repairers 10.78%
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, And Weighers 10.75%
Real Estate Brokers And Sales Agents 10.73%
First-Line Supervisors Of Gaming Workers 10.7%
Gaming Cage Workers 10.69%
Engine And Other Machine Assemblers 10.68%
Mining Machine Operators 10.6%
Computer, Automated Teller, And Office Machine Repairers 10.57%
Surveying And Mapping Technicians 10.5%
Medical Assistants 10.23%
Customer Service Representatives 10.15%
Correspondence Clerks And Order Clerks 10.12%
Healthcare Support Workers, All Other, Including Medical Equipment Preparers 10.12%
Bus Drivers 10.06%
Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, And Related Workers 10%
Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 9.94%
Licensed Practical And Licensed Vocational Nurses 9.8%
Crane And Tower Operators 9.77%
Broadcast And Sound Engineering Technicians And Radio Operators, And Media And Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 9.55%
Pharmacy Aides 9.55%
Medical Transcriptionists 9.5%
Data Entry Keyers 9.38%
Opticians, Dispensing 9.37%
Property, Real Estate, And Community Association Managers 9.24%
Lifeguards And Other Recreational, And All Other Protective Service Workers 9.13%
Residential Advisors 9.02%
Computer Control Programmers And Operators 8.99%
Electric Motor, Power Tool, And Related Repairers 8.99%
Maintenance Workers, Machinery 8.97%
Metal Furnace Operators, Tenders, Pourers, And Casters 8.93%
Designers 8.89%
Reservation And Transportation Ticket Agents And Travel Clerks 8.89%
Dispatchers 8.88%
Wholesale And Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 8.88%
Precision Instrument And Equipment Repairers 8.81%
Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 8.67%
Other Teachers And Instructors 8.64%
Buyers And Purchasing Agents, Farm Products 8.5%
Clergy 8.47%
Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, And Systems Assemblers 8.45%
Cargo And Freight Agents 8.36%
Machinists 8.35%
Miscellaneous Transportation Workers, Including Bridge And Lock Tenders And Traffic Technicians 8.3%
Ship And Boat Captains And Operators 8.19%
Highway Maintenance Workers 7.97%
Phlebotomists 7.95%
File Clerks 7.91%
Meter Readers, Utilities 7.89%
Office Clerks, General 7.82%
Millwrights 7.79%
Teacher Assistants 7.7%
Agricultural Inspectors 7.69%
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, And Blasters 7.64%
Agricultural And Food Science Technicians 7.64%
Interviewers, Except Eligibility And Loan 7.6%
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 7.58%
Health Practitioner Support Technologists And Technicians 7.58%
Web Developers 7.53%
Rail-Track Laying And Maintenance Equipment Operators 7.51%
Chemical Processing Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders 7.47%
Sales And Related Workers, All Other 7.43%
First-Line Supervisors Of Non-Retail Sales Workers 7.43%
Industrial And Refractory Machinery Mechanics 7.39%
Insurance Sales Agents 7.38%
Supervisors Of Transportation And Material Moving Workers 7.38%
Control And Valve Installers And Repairers 7.36%
Billing And Posting Clerks 7.05%
Radio And Telecommunications Equipment Installers And Repairers 7.05%
Advertising Sales Agents 7.01%
Miscellaneous Community And Social Service Specialists, Including Health Educators And Community Health Workers 6.96%
Paralegals And Legal Assistants 6.94%
Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers 6.91%
First-Line Supervisors Of Protective Service Workers, All Other 6.9%
Travel Agents 6.89%
Animal Control Workers 6.89%
Bookkeeping, Accounting, And Auditing Clerks 6.84%
Geological And Petroleum Technicians, And Nuclear Technicians 6.83%
Emergency Medical Technicians And Paramedics 6.81%
Transportation Inspectors 6.8%
Brokerage Clerks 6.74%
Dental Hygienists 6.73%
Word Processors And Typists 6.69%
Producers And Directors 6.64%
First-Line Supervisors Of Production And Operating Workers 6.61%
Secretaries And Administrative Assistants 6.56%
Cost Estimators 6.55%
Transportation, Storage, And Distribution Managers 6.51%
Social And Human Service Assistants 6.48%
Miscellaneous Law Enforcement Workers 6.44%
Meeting, Convention, And Event Planners 6.31%
Drafters 6.29%
Subway, Streetcar, And Other Rail Transportation Workers 6.23%
Fire Inspectors 6.22%
Writers And Authors 6.17%
Proofreaders And Copy Markers 6.15%
Miscellaneous Health Technologists And Technicians 6.14%
General And Operations Managers 6.03%
Tellers 5.96%
Construction And Building Inspectors 5.96%
Tire Builders 5.92%
First-Line Supervisors Of Mechanics, Installers, And Repairers 5.91%
Appraisers And Assessors Of Real Estate 5.9%
Directors, Religious Activities And Education 5.88%
Computer Operators 5.74%
Forging Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Metal And Plastic 5.73%
Morticians, Undertakers, And Funeral Directors 5.68%
Loan Interviewers And Clerks 5.65%
Miscellaneous Social Scientists, Including Survey Researchers And Sociologists 5.62%
Miscellaneous Life, Physical, And Social Science Technicians, Including Social Science Research Assistants 5.6%
News Analysts, Reporters And Correspondents 5.59%
Miscellaneous Office And Administrative Support Workers, Including Desktop Publishers 5.57%
Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll And Timekeeping 5.56%
Miscellaneous Managers, Including Funeral Service Managers And Postmasters And Mail Superintendents 5.51%
Medical Records And Health Information Technicians 5.47%
Other Therapists, Including Exercise Physiologists 5.46%
First-Line Supervisors Of Office And Administrative Support Workers 5.44%
Sales Representatives, Wholesale And Manufacturing 5.4%
Credit Authorizers, Checkers, And Clerks 5.37%
Computer Support Specialists 5.31%
Biological Technicians 5.21%
Editors 5.16%
Insurance Claims And Policy Processing Clerks 5.16%
Social And Community Service Managers 5.15%
Library Assistants, Clerical 5.13%
Information And Record Clerks, All Other 5.12%
Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, And Processing Machine Operators 5.09%
Electrical Power-Line Installers And Repairers 5.06%
Statistical Assistants 5.05%
Production, Planning, And Expediting Clerks 5.05%
Postal Service Mail Carriers 5.04%
Payroll And Timekeeping Clerks 4.97%
Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters 4.94%
Water And Wastewater Treatment Plant And System Operators 4.86%
Surveyors, Cartographers, And Photogrammetrists 4.84%
Library Technicians 4.83%
Industrial Production Managers 4.8%
New Accounts Clerks 4.78%
Financial Specialists, All Other 4.78%
Securities, Commodities, And Financial Services Sales Agents 4.78%
Advertising And Promotions Managers 4.76%
Chemical Technicians 4.73%
Dietitians And Nutritionists 4.7%
Counselors 4.62%
Logisticians 4.5%
Miscellaneous Plant And System Operators 4.46%
Human Resources Managers 4.46%
Physical Therapist Assistants And Aides 4.43%
Aircraft Mechanics And Service Technicians 4.39%
Other Healthcare Practitioners And Technical Occupations 4.38%
Stationary Engineers And Boiler Operators 4.35%
Elevator Installers And Repairers 4.29%
Clinical Laboratory Technologists And Technicians 4.29%
Judicial Law Clerks 4.28%
Business Operations Specialists, All Other 4.16%
Private Detectives And Investigators 4.08%
Social Workers 4.02%
Court, Municipal, And License Clerks 3.97%
Management Analysts 3.88%
Architects, Except Naval 3.84%
Postal Service Clerks 3.81%
Tool And Die Makers 3.79%
Marketing And Sales Managers 3.78%
Human Resources Workers 3.75%
Transportation Security Screeners 3.75%
Market Research Analysts And Marketing Specialists 3.72%
Other Education, Training, And Library Workers 3.68%
Credit Counselors And Loan Officers 3.68%
Computer Occupations, All Other 3.66%
Petroleum, Mining And Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 3.58%
Procurement Clerks 3.56%
Podiatrists 3.52%
Medical And Health Services Managers 3.51%
Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, And Farm Products 3.46%
Training And Development Specialists 3.45%
Claims Adjusters, Appraisers, Examiners, And Investigators 3.45%
Administrative Services Managers 3.44%
Diagnostic Related Technologists And Technicians 3.42%
Chief Executives And Legislators 3.41%
Public Relations Specialists 3.38%
Computer Programmers 3.37%
Occupational Therapy Assistants And Aides 3.32%
Archivists, Curators, And Museum Technicians 3.28%
Bailiffs, Correctional Officers, And Jailers 3.27%
Technical Writers 3.27%
Agricultural And Food Scientists 3.26%
Avionics Technicians 3.26%
Physician Assistants 3.26%
Accountants And Auditors 3.24%
Recreational Therapists 3.13%
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 3.13%
Network And Computer Systems Administrators 3.11%
Respiratory Therapists 3.04%
Firefighters 3.01%
Railroad Conductors And Yardmasters 2.98%
Registered Nurses 2.95%
Electrical And Electronics Repairers, Transportation Equipment, And Industrial And Utility 2.91%
Financial Clerks, All Other 2.91%
Education Administrators 2.9%
Computer Network Architects 2.88%
Biomedical And Agricultural Engineers 2.88%
Power Plant Operators, Distributors, And Dispatchers 2.86%
Computer Hardware Engineers 2.8%
Financial Managers 2.77%
Urban And Regional Planners 2.7%
Fundraisers 2.68%
Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 2.68%
Compensation, Benefits, And Job Analysis Specialists 2.64%
Computer And Information Research Scientists 2.63%
First-Line Supervisors Of Correctional Officers 2.58%
Conservation Scientists And Foresters 2.54%
Personal Financial Advisors 2.54%
Computer Systems Analysts 2.52%
Biological Scientists 2.5%
Database Administrators 2.44%
Tax Examiners And Collectors, And Revenue Agents 2.44%
Lawyers, And Judges, Magistrates, And Other Judicial Workers 2.43%
Psychologists 2.43%
Compliance Officers 2.43%
Training And Development Managers 2.42%
Postsecondary Teachers 2.4%
Industrial Engineers, Including Health And Safety 2.38%
Information Security Analysts 2.36%
Civil Engineers 2.35%
Optometrists 2.35%
Physical Therapists 2.34%
Probation Officers And Correctional Treatment Specialists 2.33%
Veterinarians 2.33%
Dentists 2.33%
Special Education Teachers 2.29%
Environmental Scientists And Geoscientists 2.29%
Occupational Therapists 2.28%
Purchasing Managers 2.27%
Flight Attendants 2.22%
Elementary And Middle School Teachers 2.17%
Insurance Underwriters 2.16%
Credit Analysts 2.1%
Chemists And Materials Scientists 2.1%
Software Developers, Applications And Systems Software 2.04%
Atmospheric And Space Scientists 2.03%
Speech-Language Pathologists 1.99%
Air Traffic Controllers And Airfield Operations Specialists 1.98%
Electrical And Electronics Engineers 1.95%
Audiologists 1.93%
Financial Analysts 1.93%
Environmental Engineers 1.91%
Secondary School Teachers 1.9%
Aircraft Pilots And Flight Engineers 1.87%
Police Officers 1.81%
Mechanical Engineers 1.8%
Public Relations And Fundraising Managers 1.79%
Computer And Information Systems Managers 1.77%
Miscellaneous Engineers, Including Nuclear Engineers 1.77%
Financial Examiners 1.77%
Nurse Practitioners, And Nurse Midwives 1.68%
Miscellaneous Mathematical Science Occupations, Including Mathematicians And Statisticians 1.67%
Natural Sciences Managers 1.63%
Materials Engineers 1.62%
Pharmacists 1.6%
Librarians 1.6%
Physical Scientists, All Other 1.5%
Marine Engineers And Naval Architects 1.49%
Operations Research Analysts 1.47%
Sales Engineers 1.45%
Locomotive Engineers And Operators 1.41%
Detectives And Criminal Investigators 1.39%
Chemical Engineers 1.38%
First_Line Supervisors Of Police And Detectives 1.36%
Budget Analysts 1.36%
Astronomers And Physicists 1.3%
Medical Scientists, And Life Scientists, All Other 1.29%
Physicians And Surgeons 1.27%
First_Line Supervisors Of Fire Fighting And Prevention Workers 1.25%
Compensation And Benefits Managers 1.25%
Economists 1.23%
Aerospace Engineers 1.22%
Radiation Therapists 1.17%
Architectural And Engineering Managers 1.17%
Emergency Management Directors 0.89%
Actuaries 0.69%
Nurse Anesthetists 0.57%
Military, Rank Not Specified 0.5%
Military Enlisted Tactical Operations And Air/Weapons Specialists And Crew Members 0.47%
Military Officer Special And Tactical Operations Leaders 0.2%
First-Line Enlisted Military Supervisors 0.2%

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Chris Kolmar

Chris Kolmar is a co-founder of Zippia and the editor-in-chief of the Zippia career advice blog. He has hired over 50 people in his career, been hired five times, and wants to help you land your next job. His research has been featured on the New York Times, Thrillist, VOX, The Atlantic, and a host of local news. More recently, he's been quoted on USA Today, BusinessInsider, and CNBC.

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