10 Careers Where Women Are Least Likely to Have Children

Ryan Morris
by Ryan Morris
Gender, Uncategorized - 6 months ago
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Kids are a gift, but you know what? Some people don’t like gifts.

Children are incredibly difficult to have and expensive to raise, and the choice to have one should not be made lightly — and what’s more, the choice to not have one is increasingly being made more often than not.

Using PUMS data from the US Census Bureau, we looked at data for working women aged 45 or over who held jobs between 2011-2015 in order to see in which jobs women were least likely to have children. To get started, here are the top ten least likely:

  1. Optometrists
  2. Chemical Engineers
  3. Dentists
  4. Economists
  5. Physical Scientists, All Other
  6. Physicians And Surgeons
  7. Miscellaneous Engineers, Including Nuclear Engineers
  8. Physical Therapists
  9. Computer And Information Research Scientists
  10. Urban And Regional Planners

There are a number of factors that go into someone deciding whether or not to have children, and it should come as little surprise that jobs are one of the biggest considerations.

Comprehensive paid leave can be tough to find in the US, and the longer a person chooses to spend away from their job, caring for their child, is that much further away they might get from feeling satisfied with their career.

We’ve written before about why women who are in certain jobs are less likely than others to have children at a young age. But what about over the course a woman’s entire career? Are there certain jobs wherein women are just never going to have children at all, no matter their age?

The answer, as it turns out, is yes.

How We Determined The Careers Women Don’t Have Children

Let’s start with the data itself. Here’s a graph showing in which industries women are least likely to have (or to have had) children after the age of 45:

Military wins out over all others, which may a bit of a surprise to those in the field given the military’s high degree of marriage rates. The idea of starting a family is integral to the value system of the American military, and early-in-life marriages are often encouraged, leading to more opportunities for children — but from this chart, it’s pretty clear that those opportunities exist mostly for men in the industry, not for the women, who unlike the men are actually less likely to have children.

Other big industries without kids include forestry and agricultural workers, legal workers, and also STEM-based industries like science and engineering.

But that’s a look at these industries as a whole — the data tells a slightly different story when you look at individual careers within these industries.

The chart below — which you can also find at the top of the article — shows the individual jobs that most frequently have children after the age of 45:

Optometrists take the top spot here, followed closely by dentists, physical scientists, and engineers. In fact, despite the military’s overwhelming influence on the industry chart, it doesn’t show up on the jobs chart until number 9.

It seems clear from these charts that while the certain industries have lower likelihoods than others of women workers having children, those rates aren’t even across jobs in each industry — instead, it’s collected across a few different jobs in each industry.

Let’s do a quick breakdown of our top ten:

1. Optometrists

% Without Kids After 45: 47.37%
Optometry is a medical profession involving the study of and care for the human eye — while the field began primarily as a means of accurately prescribing corrective lenses, it’s grown to include detecting diseases and providing treatments such as the hilariously invasive and very sci-fi procedure known as laser eye surgery.

2. Chemical Engineers

% Without Kids After 45: 42.31%
An engineering branch focused on using scientific knowledge combined with applied mathematics in order to manipulate chemicals, Chemical Engineering is an excellent career fit for those who as children liked to touch things they weren’t supposed to.

3. Dentists

% Without Kids After 45: 37.50%
Dentists work to study teeth as well as diagnose and treat various mouth-related illnesses and are otherwise best known as the most terrifying variety of surgeon imaginable. It’s not your fault, dentists. Teeth are scary.

4. Economists

% Without Kids After 45: 34.85%
Economists study the field of economics, which seeks to observe and theorize on the ways that goods are produced and distributed, a field which absolutely must be more interesting than it sounds.

5. Physical Scientists, All Other

% Without Kids After 45: 34.29%
Physical science is the study of non-living systems, which can include everything from acids to crystals to nuclear energy and can even include the study of other planets.

6. Physicians And Surgeons

% Without Kids After 45: 34.27%
Physicians and Surgeons are both medical practitioners — physicians focus on studying and diagnosing illnesses and injuries in order to promote good health, while surgeons open up human bodies in order to alter, move, or remove pieces of said bodies.

7. Miscellaneous Engineers, Including Nuclear Engineers

% Without Kids After 45: 32.86%
This is the category for all those other engineers, the ones that don’t get as much attention as the more bigshot engineering disciplines. This includes engineers like Nuclear Engineers, Biological Engineers, Big Engineers, Small Engineers, Old-Timey Train Conductors, and of course also Structural Engineers.

8. Physical Therapists

% Without Kids After 45: 32.55%
Physical Therapists work to help patients who have been injured or gone through a medical procedure lessen their pain while also helping them get back some of their mobility over time.

9. Computer And Information Research Scientists

% Without Kids After 45: 32.14%
Another contender for the nerdiest career option on our list, Computer and Information Research Scientists think of innovative ways to make use of existing computer technologies as well as invent brand new technologies.

10. Urban And Regional Planners

% Without Kids After 45: 31.08%
Urban planning is used to develop and use land in a way that takes into account things like growth, infrastructure, and public welfare in order to ensure that the land is used responsibly and (more recently) sustainably.

Why These Jobs?

There’s something you might have noticed about a lot of these industries wherein women tend to have fewer children — for the most part, they’re science, technology, business, or military-based positions. These are all industries where men still have an overwhelming presence, both in the general population and in terms of industry leaders.

They’re STEM fields, in other words.

For those unaware, STEM is an acronym that stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. The term itself is used mostly in the education field when it comes to talking about fields besides business or the humanities.

Historically, women have had very low numbers in these fields, mostly because they were simply not allowed to work in them outside of the last one or two hundred years. While women are breaking into these fields with greater and greater frequencies, these are still areas where progress has been markedly slow. But why might that have an effect on the likelihood of a woman in one of these industries having children?

We’re not scientists, but we have a few theories. Anne-Marie Slaughter wrote a now-famous article for the Atlantic called “Why Women Still Can’t Have It All.” Written in 2012, the article was extremely controversial when it came out.

The title alone accounted for much of this, but the article’s thesis was also troubling to many. Slaughter talked about the way that both men and women want to “have it all,” which she took to mean having an ability to have a fulfilling family and work life. It was distantly possible, Slaughter admitted, for women to have it all — but not at this point in history.

At the time, Slaughter argued that it was going to take a significant cultural shift in women’s favor in order to make “having it all” a real possibility for them. At one point, she writes that one way to do it might be in closing “the leadership gap,” “to elect a woman president and 50 women senators,” that this might be enough to start shifting society toward something wherein society genuinely works to improve the lives of women as well as men, rather than (as has historically been the case) just the men.

Slaughter has backtracked a little in recent years — Slaughter now believes that no one in the world can have it all, including men. There’s just too much that goes into the childcare process.

Paid Leave and Competition

So what specifically is getting in the way of women “having it all”? Slaughter points to a few of these in her own article, but there are a few other connections that might be drawn as well.

Many point to the proliferation of paid leave programs as being evidence of society getting better for women who want to both work and have children at the same time. But, as Slaughter also points out in her article, even the best possible version of this policy isn’t always enough.

Taking a heteronormative couple as the example, assuming that both a husband and wife are able to get paid family leave (which is not yet guaranteed by any national policy in the US), then the couple might be lucky enough to get 12 weeks of paid leave to take care of their child.

Ask any parent, new or not — three months is not a lot of time to spend with a child before returning to work, and there is evidence that an entire year would be significantly better when it comes to a parent bonding with their child.

STEM fields are also some of the most competitive in the world, particularly the ones related to the medical field. A massive amount of education is required just to break in, and once inside, the field takes long hours and huge commitment in order to be successful.

The point of all this is that, while it’s totally possible to have a child and work in a demanding field and balance both of these obligations perfectly, it’s an extremely difficult thing to do. And historically speaking, women have always gotten the shortest end of the stick in this regard — there are a lot of cultural expectations in place that can make staying in the workforce a daunting proposition.

So while it’s very likely that women today can in fact “have it all” in the sense that Anne-Marie Slaughter talked about, it’s also true that having it all comes with a lot of work and obligations. And there’s nothing wrong with having, or wanting, just a little bit less — what can be difficult is when it feels like that decision is being made for you.

Anyway, go science.

Here’s an extended chart of jobs with the lowest likelihoods of having children after the age of 45:

Job Description % Without Kids After 45
MED-Optometrists 47.37%
ENG-Chemical Engineers 42.31%
MED-Dentists 37.50%
SCI-Economists 34.85%
SCI-Physical Scientists, All Other 34.29%
MED-Physicians And Surgeons 34.27%
ENG-Miscellaneous Engineers, Including Nuclear Engineers 32.86%
MED-Physical Therapists 32.55%
CMM-Computer And Information Research Scientists 32.14%
SCI-Urban And Regional Planners 31.08%
RPR-Bus And Truck Mechanics And Diesel Engine Specialists 30.77%
MED-Veterinarians 29.36%
BUS-Market Research Analysts And Marketing Specialists 28.89%
MED-Occupational Therapists 28.83%
MED-Pharmacists 28.75%
LGL-Lawyers, And Judges, Magistrates, And Other Judicial 28.71%
MIL-Military, Rank Not Specified ** 28.57%
FFF-Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers, Including Animal 27.56%
MGR-Natural Sciences Managers 27.54%
PRT-Firefighters 27.38%
LGL-Judicial Law Clerks 27.27%
MED-Audiologists 27.06%
MGR-Architectural And Engineering Managers 26.56%
FFF-Graders And Sorters, Agricultural Products 26.15%
ENG-Electrical And Electronics Engineers 26.09%
SCI-Agricultural And Food Scientists 26.00%
ENG-Mechanical Engineers 25.83%
CMM-Actuaries 25.64%
ENG-Industrial Engineers, Including Health And Safety 25.62%
CMM-Miscellaneous Mathematical Science Occupations, 25.37%
ENG-Civil Engineers 25.32%
CMM-Software Developers, Applications And Systems Software 25.19%
SCI-Medical Scientists, And Life Scientists, All Other 25.05%
ENG-Computer Hardware Engineers 25.00%
MGR-Marketing And Sales Managers 24.80%
PRD-Chemical Processing Machine Setters, Operators, And 24.39%
ENT-Photographers 24.13%
CON-Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, And Steamfitters 24.07%
Unemployed And Last Worked 5 Years Ago Or Earlier Or Never 24.06%
MED-Chiropractors 24.04%
ENG-Architects, Except Naval 24.02%
CMM-Web Developers 23.86%
FFF-Forest And Conservation Workers 23.81%
SAL-Securities, Commodities, And Financial Services Sales 23.59%
FIN-Financial Analysts 23.41%
MED-Dental Hygienists 22.54%
EDU-Preschool And Kindergarten Teachers 22.50%
RPR-Aircraft Mechanics And Service Technicians 22.22%
ENT-Producers And Directors 22.17%
SCI-Miscellaneous Social Scientists, Including Survey 22.16%
PRS-Miscellaneous Personal Appearance Workers 22.11%
SCI-Biological Scientists 22.03%
TRN-Aircraft Pilots And Flight Engineers 22.00%
FIN-Credit Analysts 21.95%
ENG-Environmental Engineers 21.95%
ENT-Writers And Authors 21.82%
ENT-Miscellaneous Media And Communication Workers 21.72%
BUS-Fundraisers 21.70%
PRD-Extruding, Forming, Pressing, And Compacting Machine 21.62%
MGR-Public Relations And Fundraising Managers 21.60%
PRD-Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators And Tenders 21.43%
PRD-Pressers, Textile, Garment, And Related Materials 21.40%
CMS-Probation Officers And Correctional Treatment 21.22%
MED-Other Healthcare Practitioners And Technical 21.12%
ENT-News Analysts, Reporters And Correspondents 20.98%
EDU-Secondary School Teachers 20.92%
ENT-Announcers 20.90%
FIN-Personal Financial Advisors 20.85%
EDU-Teacher Assistants 20.84%
BUS-Agents And Business Managers Of Artists, Performers, 20.80%
ENT-Public Relations Specialists 20.68%
SAL-Sales Representatives, Wholesale And Manufacturing 20.59%
MED-Other Therapists, Including Exercise Physiologists 20.48%
SCI-Environmental Scientists And Geoscientists 20.44%
MED-Speech-Language Pathologists 20.30%
TRN-Packers And Packagers, Hand 20.21%
CMM-Computer Programmers 20.18%
PRD-Miscellaneous Woodworkers, Including Model Makers And 20.00%
FIN-Financial Specialists, All Other 20.00%
PRS-Childcare Workers 19.92%
EDU-Elementary And Middle School Teachers 19.90%
MGR-Construction Managers 19.82%
MGR-Computer And Information Systems Managers 19.82%
TRN-Flight Attendants 19.76%
ENT-Actors 19.74%
SCI-Chemists And Materials Scientists 19.64%
ENG-Aerospace Engineers 19.64%
MED-Radiation Therapists 19.51%
CMM-Computer Systems Analysts 19.41%
CON-Construction And Building Inspectors 19.32%
CMM-Computer Occupations, All Other 19.29%
MED-Physician Assistants 19.26%
RPR-Automotive Body And Related Repairers 19.23%
BUS-Human Resources Workers 19.20%
CON-Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 19.15%
SCI-Biological Technicians 19.12%
PRS-Recreation And Fitness Workers 19.08%
FIN-Accountants And Auditors 19.06%
HLS-Phlebotomists 18.96%
BUS-Compliance Officers 18.90%
OFF-Cargo And Freight Agents 18.75%
MED-Dietitians And Nutritionists 18.72%
EDU-Special Education Teachers 18.67%
MGR-Advertising And Promotions Managers 18.58%
PRD-Miscellaneous Plant And System Operators 18.52%
PRS-First-Line Supervisors Of Personal Service Workers 18.49%
HLS-Medical Assistants 18.47%
BUS-Meeting, Convention, And Event Planners 18.44%
PRD-Helpers-Production Workers 18.42%
MED-Diagnostic Related Technologists And Technicians 18.42%
PRS-First-Line Supervisors Of Gaming Workers 18.24%
CMS-Directors, Religious Activities And Education 18.18%
MGR-Financial Managers 18.15%
ENT-Editors 18.15%
MED-Nurse Practitioners, And Nurse Midwives 18.07%
BUS-Management Analysts 18.05%
RPR-Telecommunications Line Installers And Repairers 18.03%
MGR-General And Operations Managers 18.02%
ENT-Designers 18.01%
OFF-Brokerage Clerks 18.00%
PRT-Detectives And Criminal Investigators 17.99%
PRT-Police Officers 17.99%
BUS-Logisticians 17.97%
PRD-Miscellaneous Textile, Apparel, And Furnishings 17.89%
SAL-Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 17.88%
HLS-Physical Therapist Assistants And Aides 17.80%
PRD-Packaging And Filling Machine Operators And Tenders 17.76%
PRD-Butchers And Other Meat, Poultry, And Fish Processing 17.58%
MGR-Miscellaneous Managers, Including Funeral Service 17.46%
MED-Miscellaneous Health Technologists And Technicians 17.45%
SAL-First-Line Supervisors Of Non-Retail Sales Workers 17.43%
PRD-Medical, Dental, And Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 17.43%
CMS-Miscellaneous Community And Social Service Specialists, 17.41%
CMS-Social Workers 17.41%
SCI-Geological And Petroleum Technicians, And Nuclear 17.39%
BUS-Wholesale And Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 17.39%
EAT-Miscellaneous Food Preparation And Serving Related 17.36%
EDU-Postsecondary Teachers 17.23%
MGR-Education Administrators 17.22%
HLS-Dental Assistants 17.19%
SAL-Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News And Street Vendors, 17.17%
SAL-Advertising Sales Agents 17.13%
EAT-Food Preparation Workers 16.98%
OFF-Financial Clerks, All Other 16.92%
PRD-Jewelers And Precious Stone And Metal Workers 16.90%
BUS-Claims Adjusters, Appraisers, Examiners, And 16.85%
EAT-Chefs And Head Cooks 16.81%
MGR-Compensation And Benefits Managers 16.81%
ENG-Drafters 16.74%
PRT-First_Line Supervisors Of Fire Fighting And Prevention 16.67%
SCI-Psychologists 16.53%
PRT-Private Detectives And Investigators 16.53%
CLN-Maids And Housekeeping Cleaners 16.49%
MED-Clinical Laboratory Technologists And Technicians 16.48%
CMM-Computer Network Architects 16.42%
PRD-Food Batchmakers 16.41%
MED-Registered Nurses 16.32%
CON-First-Line Supervisors Of Construction Trades And 16.29%
MGR-Chief Executives And Legislators 16.28%
PRT-Miscellaneous Law Enforcement Workers 16.22%
MED-Nurse Anesthetists 16.22%
CMM-Operations Research Analysts 16.18%
SAL-Insurance Sales Agents 16.11%
ENG-Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters 16.04%
PRD-Furniture Finishers 16.00%
TRN-Miscellaneous Transportation Workers, Including Bridge 16.00%
BUS-Business Operations Specialists, All Other 15.97%
CMM-Network And Computer Systems Administrators 15.96%
MGR-Medical And Health Services Managers 15.92%
LGL-Paralegals And Legal Assistants 15.91%
BUS-Compensation, Benefits, And Job Analysis Specialists 15.82%
SCI-Miscellaneous Life, Physical, And Social Science 15.79%
PRD-Bakers 15.78%
EAT-First_Line Supervisors Of Food Preparation And Serving 15.74%
MGR-Human Resources Managers 15.73%
ENT-Television, Video, And Motion Picture Camera Operators 15.69%
EDU-Other Education, Training, And Library Workers 15.67%
MGR-Industrial Production Managers 15.65%
ENG-Materials Engineers 15.63%
RPR-Computer, Automated Teller, And Office Machine Repairers 15.63%
MGR-Food Service Managers 15.62%
PRT-First-Line Supervisors Of Correctional Officers 15.56%
MED-Opticians, Dispensing 15.52%
MGR-Training And Development Managers 15.47%
FIN-Credit Counselors And Loan Officers 15.44%
PRD-Food Processing Workers, All Other 15.43%
SAL-Sales And Related Workers, All Other 15.33%
EAT-Waiters And Waitresses 15.33%
MED-Health Practitioner Support Technologists And 15.30%
MED-Respiratory Therapists 15.25%
OFF-Procurement Clerks 15.14%
PRT-Bailiffs, Correctional Officers, And Jailers 15.13%
ENT-Technical Writers 15.12%
EAT-Dishwashers 15.09%
EDU-Archivists, Curators, And Museum Technicians 15.09%
PRD-Electrical, Electronics, And Electromechanical 15.08%
OFF-Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, And Samplers, 15.02%
MGR-Administrative Services Managers 14.97%
PRS-Gaming Services Workers 14.96%
PRD-Laundry And Dry-Cleaning Workers 14.93%
MGR-Social And Community Service Managers 14.91%
FFF-First-Line Supervisors Of Farming, Fishing, And Forestry 14.89%
CMS-Counselors 14.87%
FIN-Insurance Underwriters 14.87%
HLS-Occupational Therapy Assistants And Aides 14.77%
OFF-Customer Service Representatives 14.77%
EDU-Other Teachers And Instructors 14.77%
ENT-Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, And Related Workers 14.74%
ENT-Artists And Related Workers 14.66%
PRD-Miscellaneous Production Workers, Including Semiconductor 14.58%
OFF-Billing And Posting Clerks 14.57%
EAT-Cooks 14.57%
OFF-Loan Interviewers And Clerks 14.55%
PRT-First_Line Supervisors Of Police And Detectives 14.52%
TRN-Parking Lot Attendants 14.49%
PRS-Hairdressers, Hairstylists, And Cosmetologists 14.47%
MGR-Transportation, Storage, And Distribution Managers 14.46%
OFF-Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll And 14.45%
MED-Emergency Medical Technicians And Paramedics 14.44%
PRD-Sewing Machine Operators 14.44%
CMM-Computer Support Specialists 14.43%
CLN-First-Line Supervisors Of Landscaping, Lawn Service, And 14.41%
OFF-Insurance Claims And Policy Processing Clerks 14.35%
CON-Construction Equipment Operators, Except Paving, 14.29%
RPR-First-Line Supervisors Of Mechanics, Installers, And 14.29%
TRN-Industrial Truck And Tractor Operators 14.23%
MGR-Purchasing Managers 14.23%
CMS-Social And Human Service Assistants 14.21%
CLN-Janitors And Building Cleaners 14.15%
OFF-Shipping, Receiving, And Traffic Clerks 14.13%
TRN-Supervisors Of Transportation And Material Moving 14.10%
PRD-Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, And Weighers 14.09%
SAL-Real Estate Brokers And Sales Agents 13.95%
PRD-Miscellaneous Assemblers And Fabricators 13.94%
SCI-Chemical Technicians 13.93%
HLS-Nursing, Psychiatric, And Home Health Aides 13.91%
HLS-Medical Transcriptionists 13.82%
SAL-First-Line Supervisors Of Retail Sales Workers 13.81%
EAT-Combined Food Preparation And Serving Workers, 13.80%
TRN-Air Traffic Controllers And Airfield Operations 13.73%
PRD-Computer Control Programmers And Operators 13.64%
CMM-Database Administrators 13.61%
OFF-Proofreaders And Copy Markers 13.59%
BUS-Cost Estimators 13.56%
OFF-Reservation And Transportation Ticket Agents And Travel 13.55%
OFF-First-Line Supervisors Of Office And Administrative 13.50%
OFF-Data Entry Keyers 13.47%
OFF-Computer Operators 13.46%
HLS-Massage Therapists 13.42%
MGR-Lodging Managers 13.40%
CLN-Grounds Maintenance Workers 13.36%
LGL-Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers 13.36%
OFF-Meter Readers, Utilities 13.33%
OFF-Correspondence Clerks And Order Clerks 13.29%
PRD-Miscellaneous Metal Workers And Plastic Workers, Including 13.27%
OFF-Stock Clerks And Order Fillers 13.23%
OFF-Production, Planning, And Expediting Clerks 13.22%
MGR-Property, Real Estate, And Community Association 13.21%
CMM-Information Security Analysts 13.13%
PRD-Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Wood 13.04%
EDU-Library Technicians 13.01%
PRS-Barbers 12.97%
OFF-Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, And Processing 12.94%
OFF-Postal Service Mail Carriers 12.94%
CLN-First-Line Supervisors Of Housekeeping And Janitorial 12.90%
PRD-Molders, Shapers, And Casters, Except Metal And Plastic 12.90%
EAT-Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 12.88%
TRN-Cleaners Of Vehicles And Equipment 12.84%
SAL-Telemarketers 12.83%
TRN-Miscellaneous Material Moving Workers, Including 12.82%
MED-Recreational Therapists 12.82%
OFF-Statistical Assistants 12.82%
PRD-Printing Press Operators 12.79%
FIN-Appraisers And Assessors Of Real Estate 12.77%
OFF-Miscellaneous Office And Administrative Support 12.75%
PRD-Upholsterers 12.66%
OFF-Bookkeeping, Accounting, And Auditing Clerks 12.63%
PRS-Personal Care Aides 12.56%
OFF-Office Clerks, General 12.56%
OFF-Couriers And Messengers 12.53%
CLN-Pest Control Workers 12.50%
OFF-Credit Authorizers, Checkers, And Clerks 12.50%
PRD-Shoe And Leather Workers 12.50%
RPR-Coin, Vending, And Amusement Machine Servicers And 12.50%
CON-Construction Laborers 12.44%
MED-Medical Records And Health Information Technicians 12.39%
BUS-Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, And Farm 12.35%
OFF-Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 12.35%
PRD-First-Line Supervisors Of Production And Operating 12.27%
OFF-Payroll And Timekeeping Clerks 12.25%
HLS-Veterinary Assistants And Laboratory Animal Caretakers 12.24%
PRS-Personal Care And Service Workers, All Other 12.22%
HLS-Healthcare Support Workers, All Other, Including 12.19%
BUS-Training And Development Specialists 12.16%
OFF-Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 12.15%
HLS-Pharmacy Aides 12.14%
SAL-Retail Salespersons 12.11%
OFF-Library Assistants, Clerical 12.04%
TRN-Bus Drivers 12.03%
PRD-Food Cooking Machine Operators And Tenders 12.00%
PRS-Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 11.96%
EAT-Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, And 11.96%
PRD-Machine Tool Cutting Setters, Operators, And Tenders, Metal 11.92%
PRD-Cutting Workers 11.80%
RPR-Automotive Service Technicians And Mechanics 11.76%
EDU-Librarians 11.76%
OFF-Word Processors And Typists 11.71%
OFF-Information And Record Clerks, All Other 11.71%
ENT-Broadcast And Sound Engineering Technicians And Radio 11.69%
PRD-Tailors, Dressmakers, And Sewers 11.67%
OFF-Postal Service Clerks 11.67%
PRD-Painting Workers 11.57%
PRT-Security Guards And Gaming Surveillance Officers 11.56%
PRT-Fire Inspectors 11.54%
MED-Licensed Practical And Licensed Vocational Nurses 11.52%
TRN-Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants 11.50%
CON-Painters And Paperhangers 11.50%
SAL-Cashiers 11.49%
OFF-Secretaries And Administrative Assistants 11.49%
OFF-Court, Municipal, And License Clerks 11.49%
PRD-Crushing, Grinding, Polishing, Mixing, And Blending 11.48%
TRN-Laborers And Freight, Stock, And Material Movers, Hand 11.40%
ENT-Entertainers And Performers, Sports And Related 11.33%
OFF-Mail Clerks And Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal 11.31%
MGR-Farmers, Ranchers, And Other Agricultural Managers 11.29%
ENT-Musicians, Singers, And Related Workers 11.28%
PRT-First-Line Supervisors Of Protective Service Workers, 11.28%
OFF-File Clerks 11.24%
OFF-Tellers 11.11%
CMS-Clergy 11.00%
OFF-Interviewers, Except Eligibility And Loan 10.99%
TRN-Taxi Drivers And Chauffeurs 10.98%
PRS-Residential Advisors 10.94%
SAL-Travel Agents 10.91%
SCI-Agricultural And Food Science Technicians 10.89%
CMS-Religious Workers, All Other 10.79%
FIN-Budget Analysts 10.75%
SCI-Conservation Scientists And Foresters 10.71%
FFF-Agricultural Inspectors 10.64%
OFF-Bill And Account Collectors 10.61%
RPR-Precision Instrument And Equipment Repairers 10.61%
CON-Carpenters 10.57%
TRN-Transportation Inspectors 10.53%
FIN-Financial Examiners 10.53%
EAT-Bartenders 10.51%
RPR-Industrial And Refractory Machinery Mechanics 10.48%
ENG-Surveying And Mapping Technicians 10.45%
FIN-Tax Preparers 10.44%
PRS-Animal Trainers 10.44%
RPR-Maintenance And Repair Workers, General 10.37%
MGR-Emergency Management Directors 10.34%
PRD-Textile Winding, Twisting, And Drawing Out Machine 10.34%
PRD-Welding, Soldering, And Brazing Workers 10.28%
PRD-Photographic Process Workers And Processing Machine 10.22%
ENG-Surveyors, Cartographers, And Photogrammetrists 10.17%
PRD-Prepress Technicians And Workers 10.12%
OFF-Receptionists And Information Clerks 10.05%
FIN-Tax Examiners And Collectors, And Revenue Agents 10.00%
MED-Health Diagnosing And Treating Practitioners, All Other 9.76%
TRN-Driver Sales Workers And Truck Drivers 9.66%
OFF-Dispatchers 9.54%
OFF-Hotel, Motel, And Resort Desk Clerks 9.47%
SAL-Counter And Rental Clerks 9.29%
PRS-Miscellaneous Entertainment Attendants And Related 9.23%
PRD-Machinists 9.17%
PRT-Transportation Security Screeners 9.09%
PRD-Model Makers, Patternmakers, And Molding Machine Setters, 8.96%
PRT-Crossing Guards 8.71%
OFF-New Accounts Clerks 8.60%
PRD-Water And Wastewater Treatment Plant And System 8.57%
CON-Electricians 8.54%
OFF-Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 8.33%
PRD-Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders 8.33%
TRN-Refuse And Recyclable Material Collectors 8.33%
PRD-Stationary Engineers And Boiler Operators 8.33%
PRS-Morticians, Undertakers, And Funeral Directors 8.33%
PRT-Lifeguards And Other Recreational, And All Other 8.26%
TRN-Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 8.14%
PRS-Baggage Porters, Bellhops, And Concierges 8.00%
OFF-Telephone Operators 7.82%
EAT-Hosts And Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, And Coffee Shop 7.63%
CON-Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, And Tapers 7.41%
PRD-Print Binding And Finishing Workers 7.37%
SAL-Parts Salespersons 7.32%
RPR-Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, And Repair 7.28%
MGR-Gaming Managers 7.14%
PRS-Ushers, Lobby Attendants, And Ticket Takers 6.92%
PRS-Tour And Travel Guides 6.86%
PRD-Etchers And Engravers 6.67%
TRN-Machine Feeders And Offbearers 6.45%
TRN-Automotive And Watercraft Service Attendants 6.45%
PRD-Textile Knitting And Weaving Machine Setters, 6.25%
PRS-Embalmers And Funeral Attendants 6.25%
SAL-Models, Demonstrators, And Product Promoters 6.20%
RPR-Radio And Telecommunications Equipment Installers And 5.33%
CON-Sheet Metal Workers 4.55%
TRN-Locomotive Engineers And Operators 4.55%
PRD-Power Plant Operators, Distributors, And Dispatchers 4.55%
PRD-Textile Bleaching And Dyeing, And Cutting Machine 4.35%
ENT-Dancers And Choreographers 3.85%
RPR-Heating, Air Conditioning, And Refrigeration Mechanics 3.70%
PRD-Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, And Tenders, 3.57%
OFF-Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 3.42%
PRD-Extruding And Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, And 0.00%
PRT-Animal Control Workers 0.00%
FFF-Fishing And Hunting Workers 0.00%
OFF-Gaming Cage Workers 0.00%

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