Here’s How Much It Takes To Be Middle Class In Each State (Most and Least Expensive States)

By Kathy Morris
Feb. 6, 2023
Fact Checked
Cite This Webpage Zippia. "Here’s How Much It Takes To Be Middle Class In Each State (Most and Least Expensive States)" Feb. 6, 2023,

Middle-Class Income By State Research Summary

  • The state with the lowest barrier of entry to becoming middle-class is Arkansas, where an average annual income of $40,928 is enough.

  • The state with the highest middle-class income is Hawaii, where you haven’t made it unless you earn at least $122,695 per year.

  • Nationally, the average annual income to be considered middle-class is $60,000.

For many of us, going to work is all about achieving the American Dream.

While self-actualization is great, we are really clocking in for the money and hoping our sweat will buy social mobility and a comfortable life for our families. Many define the middle class as the segment of earners who fall in the middle- However, in some states, the median income is far from a dream, and even further from financial stability.

We analyzed home costs and other expenses to better understand what salary it takes to actually be middle class in each state.

First, here are the 10 states with the highest needed income to be middle class:

States With The Highest Middle-class Income

Rank State Middle Class Income
1 Hawaii $122,695
2 California $111,206
3 Massachusetts $85,567
5 Colorado $81,602
6 Washington $81,203
7 New York $75,403
8 Oregon $74,865
9 New Jersey $74,485
9 Maryland $71,844
10 Utah $71,034

Keep reading to see a breakdown of how these states are breaking the bank. And why Southern and Midwestern states are so dang affordable.

1. Hawaii

hawaii class=

Income needed to be middle class: $122,695

Hawaii may be a tropical paradise, but even paradise comes at a price. The average Hawaiian may have a better chance of being near a beach than most of America, but it rings in at a staggering $670,600. Along with other average expenses, Hawaiians would need to earn $122,695 to not be overburdened by debt.

2. California

california class=

Income needed to be middle class: $111,206

The median income in California is $91,377. That is around 20,000 below what it takes to truly eke out a respectable living in the pricey west coast state.

3. Massachusetts

massachusetts class=

Income needed to be middle class: $85,567

Massachusetts is the most educated state in the US. However, educational costs are keeping many from achieving middle-class stability. The average student loan payment in Massachusetts is $229. In households where both partners have student loans, the income needed to get by is even higher.

4. Colorado

colorado class=

Income needed to be middle class: $81,602

Colorado is known for being high up, but residents know it’s also high in costs. With an average car payment of $336 and student loan payment of $208, that’s $544 gone for many families right from the start. Add in a mortgage and many are no doubt struggling to keep the fridge full.

5. Washington

washington class=

Income needed to be middle class: $81,203

Washington has a median income of $94,709. Ultimately, that means half of all households earn less and half earn more. While that puts the majority of households above the $84,203, it also means an uncomfortable amount of Washington residents aren’t.

6. New York

new york class=

Income needed to be middle class: $75,403

While $75,403 doesn’t go very far in the Big Apple, in most of the states it can buy the finer things in life- like food and shelter.

7. Oregon

oregon class=

Income needed to be middle class: $74,865

Earning $74,865 won’t make you rich in Oregon. However, it might mean homeownership is feasible, even if you’re still paying back student loans and have a car payment.

8. New Jersey

new jersey class=

Income needed to be middle class: $74,485

New Jersey is only affordable to those leaving high-cost cities in New York. However, many Midwesterners would drop their jaw at high costs in the Garden State.

9. Maryland

maryland class=

Income needed to be middle class: $71,844

In the shadow of the nation’s capital, it takes a healthy income of $71,844 to afford a middle-class lifestyle in Maryland.

10. Utah

utah class=

Income needed to be middle class: $71,034

Utah is one of the fastest-growing states in the US. For families struggling to make do, the influx of families from more expensive states such as California and Colorado driving up costs can’t be welcome.

How We Determined This

First, we had to conceptualize what it means to be middle class. While the potential for social mobility is an important component, we ultimately decided to focus on financial stability, or roughly how much it takes in each state to pay your bills and have some reserves leftover.

The biggest singular expense to most earners is housing. And, since the American Dream is built on homeownership, we opted to start with average mortgage cost. We started by finding out the average home value in each state from the US Census.

Home costs will vary within a state. Similarly, some buyers choose more or less expensive houses based on income and personal taste. However, since we are going for a top look, the average seemed like a good starting point.

From there, we applied for a standard 30-year mortgage with a 3.9% interest rate to work out the monthly payment. We did not take into account PMI, taxes, down payment size, or home insurance, since those differ greatly within states and based on individual circumstances.

After that, we looked at two other large sources of debt weighing down earners- car payments and student loans. While not everyone has student loans or a car payment, just under half the population has either or both.

Our numbers on student loans by the state are based on an aggregated analysis of anonymized data from Truebill users that featured nearly 150,000 unique student loan payments. For car loan payments, we used data on average monthly car payments from Autoline.

While some households may have two car payments of two student loan payments (and would require a greater income to live a middle-class life), we only applied one average car payment and student loan payment–keeping households close to the national average.

It is recommended by financial advisors that no one have debt payments greater than 36% on total debt servicing. Anyone with greater debt will struggle to pay for other basic necessities or build savings. So from there we simply found the line where the combined monthly payments would be greater than 36% of pay.

Middle Class Living Isn’t Cheap

A few of these states have median incomes below the income actually needed to be comfortably middle class. All of them still have a large chunk of residents who fall below the mark needed to make do.

Ultimately, lifestyle can make a difference in these totals. A family with heftier student loans or multiple car loans might find the middle-class income far below what they need to truly thrive. Others who live more modestly or in more affordable parts of the state might find it perfectly reasonable to make do on less.

You can see a more in-depth breakdown of the average costs calculated below:

Income Needed To Be Middle Class In Each State

State Middle Class Income Average Monthly Car Payment Average Student Loans Mortgage Needed For Average Home
Hawaii $122,695 $310 $200 $3,171
California $111,206 $358 $221 $2,757
Massachusetts $85,567 $328 $229 $2,010
Colorado $81,602 $336 $208 $1,904
Washington $81,203 $336 $212 $1,888
New York $75,403 $333 $223 $1,706
Oregon $74,865 $305 $215 $1,726
New Jersey $74,485 $330 $226 $1,679
Maryland $71,844 $330 $216 $1,609
Utah $71,034 $334 $202 $1,595
Nevada $70,752 $387 $191 $1,545
Virginia $67,197 $320 $216 $1,480
Alaska $63,873 $300 $207 $1,409
Connecticut $63,375 $329 $225 $1,347
New Hampshire $62,890 $301 $213 $1,373
Rhode Island $62,691 $333 $218 $1,330
Arizona $61,699 $354 $200 $1,297
Delaware $60,015 $320 $212 $1,268
Montana $59,496 $289 $201 $1,295
Minnesota $58,903 $332 $215 $1,220
Idaho $58,866 $327 $177 $1,262
Florida $58,833 $333 $196 $1,236
Texas $55,605 $375 $204 $1,089
Vermont $55,371 $315 $201 $1,145
Wyoming $54,849 $317 $176 $1,152
Georgia $54,213 $374 $200 $1,052
Illinois $53,961 $343 $217 $1,059
North Dakota $52,935 $300 $213 $1,075
Maine $51,608 $322 $210 $1,016
Pennsylvania $51,346 $328 $216 $996
North Carolina $51,144 $320 $199 $1,015
Tennessee $50,629 $331 $202 $986
Wisconsin $50,062 $327 $205 $970
Louisiana $49,587 $394 $193 $901
South Carolina $49,110 $309 $201 $963
New Mexico $48,602 $316 $214 $928
South Dakota $48,258 $310 $192 $946
Michigan $47,044 $332 $206 $873
Nebraska $46,906 $322 $199 $886
Missouri $46,649 $338 $208 $853
Kansas $46,485 $344 $201 $850
Alabama $45,559 $367 $204 $796
Oklahoma $44,008 $365 $195 $760
Iowa $43,997 $323 $205 $792
Ohio $43,949 $335 $200 $783
Kentucky $43,747 $324 $199 $789
Indiana $43,310 $327 $199 $773
Mississippi $41,839 $323 $198 $734
West Virginia $41,649 $320 $199 $730
Arkansas $40,928 $305 $201 $722

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating / 5. Vote count:

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.


Kathy Morris

Kathy is the head of content at Zippia with a knack for engaging audiences. Prior to joining Zippia, Kathy worked at Gateway Blend growing audiences across diverse brands. She graduated from Troy University with a degree in Social Science Education.

Related posts

Topics: Study