Zippia's Job Growth Report For April 2019

A detailed break down of year over year job growth and projections for the future across America.

By Kavita Pillai & Chris Kolmar
5/1/2019

Wage Growth By State Ranking Map
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Zippia has released its quarterly state-by-state job growth report, and there have been a few states that have seen large gains whereas others that have experienced dips.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the U.S. civilian noninstitutional population for March 2019 was just above 258 million people. Out of that, around 156 million people were employed.

Compare that to 155 million who were employed in March of 2018, and we see that around 1.56 million jobs have been added in the past year. Hence, the U.S. has seen ~1% job growth between March 2018 and March 2019.

In fact, 20 million new jobs have been created, since the financial crisis of 2007-2008.

America has seen a steady growth in terms of job creation, but that is not necessarily the case when we look at state-to-state data.

States like Utah, Idaho, and Florida have seen the fastest rate of private sector job growth -- a 10 year job growth rate of over 25%.

Wyoming, West Virginia, and Connecticut have the slowest private sector job growth rates -- less than 5% private sector job growth since 2009.

Here are the states with the highest private sector job growth in the last 10 years:

  1. Utah (31.2% 10YR Job Growth)
  2. Idaho (26.2%)
  3. Florida (26.2%)
  4. Texas (24.8%)
  5. Nevada (24.3%)
  6. Oregon (23.7%)
  7. Washington (23.1%)
  8. Colorado (22.7%)
  9. North Dakota (21.7%)
  10. South Carolina (21.7%)

Utah has seen 31.2% private sector job growth in the last 10 years. Compare that to Wyoming, which is the only state in the union to have seen a negative job growth since 2009 at -.8%.

Before we go into a state by state breakdown, here's a look at our methodology.

Job Growth Methodology

The data behind the report comes from the BLS's Current Employment Statistics by State for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

More specifically, we analysed the state by state job growth data going all the way back to 1990.

To make the calculation more accurate, we looked at the job numbers from March of each year -- 1990 to 2019. The March 2019 data being the data presented in the April 2019 BLS Report.

Finally, we ranked all 50 states and the District of Columbia from the largest job growth rate in the last ten years to the smallest.

And to be clear, the last ten year growth rate is defined as:

(Jobs In Mar. 2019 - Jobs In Mar. 2009) / Jobs In Mar. 2009

To get a better sense of the states' job growth statistics, you can see that we have the last 20 year job growth rate, the last 10 year job growth rate, and the year over year job growth rate for each of the states and the District of Columbia.

The 10 States With The Highest Private Sector Job Growth In The Last 10 Years

1. Utah

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 3.1%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 31.2%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 50.7%

Utah has seen the highest job growth in the last 10 years -- 31.2%.

In fact, both its 20 year job growth -- 50.7% and its year over year job growth -- 3.1% are very impressive.

Growth is up across a wide range of fields from tech to tourism.

Job growth has been particularly high in the construction sector due to projects such as the $3 billion dollar Salt Lake City International Airport, a $600 million state prison, an 855,000-square-foot Amazon distribution center, along with another $1 billion planned for road construction and $600 million for school buildings construction.

In addition, software giant Adobe is inventing over $90 million in the next couple of years, which promises to add another 1000 high-skilled workers.

2. Idaho

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 2.8%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 26.2%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 45.8%

Idaho is next when it comes to job growth numbers from the past decade. Idaho private sector jobs have grown at 26.2% since 2009.

The state's relatively small economy has bounced back with rigor since the 2007-2009 recession.

The year over year job growth also has been steady at 2.8%.

According to Idaho's Department of Commerce website, Idaho's traditional industries, such as agriculture, continue to grow. In turn, this growth is helping bring in higher-paying jobs, including food manufacturing, data processing, and computer electronics.

Other emerging industries in Idaho include appliance and component manufacturing, information services, beverage manufacturing, and advanced manufacturing.

3. Florida

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 2.7%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 26.2%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 35.2%

Next on our list is Florida, with its above average GDP. The state has experienced a 26.2% job growth since 2009, with a year over year job growth of 2.7%

Construction in the state is booming, as more and more people move to Florida in search of moderate climate and beach living.

Along with construction, Florida has seen a surge in the manufacturing sector and the service service sector, as well as tech, aerospace, and healthcare.

4. Texas

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 2.4%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 24.8%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 41.6%

Businesses of all types are booming in Texas, but oil and gas exploration are particularly rising, and this is adding to the state's high job growth numbers.

Texas has one of the fastest-growing economies in the U.S., particularly with the rising crude oil prices.

In the last decade, Texas has seen a 24.8% job growth, and it doesn't look like the state is slowing down anytime soon.

5. Nevada

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 3.5%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 24.3%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 47.2%

Nevada has seen the highest job growth in the last year -- 3.5%.

The state was among those hit hardest in the 2008-2009 Recession, largely because of an economy overly reliant on tourism and construction.

But since then, almost every sector in the state has experienced a boom, especially construction, clean energy, and tourism.

Tesla's multi-billion-dollar factory near Reno, Panasonic, tech company Switch, and the Oakland Raiders' move to the state -- are all adding thousands of jobs to Nevada's economy.

6. Oregon

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 1.7%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 23.7%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 25.5%

Oregon's economy is thriving, as the state has seen a 23.7% job growth between March 2009 to March 2019.

Oregon's successful job growth rate can be attributed to the rising demand for workers in fields as diverse as construction and healthcare.

Plus, the state's vibrant services sector -- financial, professional, leisure, and hospitality, along with the growing high-tech sector, is contributing to the job boom that Oregon is experiencing.

Start-ups as well as more established West Coast companies have been moving from more expensive states like California to Oregon, because of its relative affordability.

7. Washington

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 3.0%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 23.1%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 31.8%

Along with Oregon, Washington is also seeing an influx of skilled workers felling high costs in California's Silicon Valley.

Amazon and Microsoft have created tech jobs in the state, and they continue to grow. Plus, there's Facebook and Boeing, also adding to the job growth in the state.

Washington has seen a 3% job growth in the last year, and its 10 year job growth of 23.1% puts the state among the top 10 highest job growth states in the country.

8. Colorado

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 1.8%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 22.7%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 29.5%

The state of Colorado seems to be making every top 10 list, and the job growth list is no different. The state's major urban areas, including Denver and its surrounding, are booming, and this has resulted in the expansion of leisure, hospitality, and healthcare sectors.

The last 10 years have seen a major boom in Colorado, with a year over year job growth of 1.8%.

A 10,000 square foot Microsoft Technology Center opened in 2018 in Denver. Amazon and Google both have had a massive impact of Colorado's job growth, and they are planning on expanding even more.

The Rockies bring in tourists, who are also a major part of the state's economy.

9. North Dakota

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 0.3%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 21.7%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 40.9%

North Dakota is among the states with the highest job growth in the last decade, but the state has slowed down.

The state experienced a 21.7% job growth between March 2009 and March 2019, but in the last year, the jobs in the state have only grown by 0.3%.

North Dakota's job market peaked in 2014, but since 2016, the growth has plateaued. Finding and hiring qualified workers is the biggest contributing factor for the state's relatively low job growth since March of last year.

The other factor is tariffs and trade restrictions, that's going to be a challenge for the state's economy.

10. South Carolina

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 1.5%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 21.7%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 20.1%

South Carolina saw the tenth highest job growth in the last decade -- 21.7% right up there with North Dakota.

The state, however, has seen a 1.5% job growth since March of 2018, and the job growth steady in the last 20 years.

Healthcare, retail, and manufacturing have the highest number of jobs in the state.

The 5 States With The Lowest Private Sector Job Growth In The Last 10 Years

1. Wyoming

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 2.0%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: -0.8%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 27.8%

Wyoming is the only state in the country that has seen a negative job growth in the last decade: -0.8%.

The state's economy is different from most states with mineral extraction and tourism comprising major industry sectors.

Wyoming has struggled to diversify its economy, but the last two years have shown some promise. In the last year, the state has seen a 2% job growth because of a rebound in oil prices and, to a lesser extent, improved natural gas prospects.

2. West Virginia

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 3.2%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 2.7%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 5.8%

West Virginia's long-term economic woes persist, and the state saw the second lowest job growth rate in the last decade -- 2.7%.

Even in the last 20 years, the state hasn't seen much progress in terms of job numbers.

3. Connecticut

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 0.5%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 4.6%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 1.9%

The state of Connecticut hasn't seen much growth in its job numbers in the last decade -- 4.6%, or even the last two decade -- 1.9%.

Its job growth rate between March 2018 and March 2019 is also one of the lowest in the nation at 0.5%.

The state hasn't even been able to replace all the jobs that were lost in the 2007-2008 recession.

4. Alaska

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 1.3%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 5.2%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 22.0%

Although Alaska's 20 year job growth rate is not too bad -- 22%, in the past decade, the state has struggled to add jobs, as can be seen from the low job growth rate of 5.2%.

Even in the last year, the state has shown a low private sector job growth rate, which puts Alaska among the states with the smallest job growth since the recession.

5. Kansas

Cumulative Job Growth
  • Year Over Year Job Growth: 0.5%
  • 10 Year Job Growth: 5.3%
  • 20 Year Job Growth: 6.8%

The last state on our list is the midwestern state of Kansas.

Kansas's 20 year job growth rate, its 10-year job growth rate, and even its year over year job growth rate are anaemic.

The state of Kansas has seen a slow decline in transportation, trade, and utilities sectors jobs, and this has impacted the state's slow job growth.

The only sector that is adding reasonable number of jobs is the service sector, but the weakening of both the agriculture sector and the information sector offset the gains in the service sector.

States With The Highest Job Growth In The Last 10 Years

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Highest Job Growth By State Table

RankState10YR Job Growth
1Utah31.2%
2Idaho26.2%
3Florida26.2%
4Texas24.8%
5Nevada24.3%
6Oregon23.7%
7Washington23.1%
8Colorado22.7%
9North Dakota21.7%
10South Carolina21.7%
11California21.6%
12Arizona21.6%
13Georgia21.0%
14District of Columbia20.5%
15Tennessee19.5%
16North Carolina18.3%
17Michigan17.1%
18New York17.0%
19Indiana15.5%
20Massachusetts15.2%
21Montana14.6%
22Hawaii12.7%
23Minnesota12.1%
24Kentucky12.0%
25New Hampshire11.7%
26Delaware11.5%
27South Dakota11.4%
28Virginia11.4%
29Ohio10.9%
30Arkansas10.6%
31Maryland10.2%
32New Jersey10.0%
33Wisconsin9.7%
34Illinois9.5%
35Alabama9.5%
36Pennsylvania9.3%
37Missouri8.4%
38Oklahoma8.3%
39Rhode Island8.2%
40Nebraska7.6%
41Maine7.5%
42Iowa7.3%
43New Mexico7.3%
44Mississippi7.1%
45Louisiana7.0%
46Vermont6.1%
47Kansas5.3%
48Alaska5.2%
49Connecticut4.6%
50West Virginia2.7%
51Wyoming-0.8%

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About Zippia

We realized that quite often, people don't know much about their career options, and how to change or advance their career. While we tried our best to mentor them, it was frustrating to know that there were still millions of people out there who we couldn't help.

And then we noticed something else: The internet can answer almost any of our questions today – how to build a house, how to buy a car, or how to find love. But even though choosing a career is one of the most important decisions of our life, there is very little reliable guidance available online.

This is why we decided to build a platform that gives everybody the tools to find the career that is right for them.